See also: , , , and 𩵋

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
魚-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • 𤋳

EtymologyEdit

魚 魚 魚 魚
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形)

Han characterEdit

(radical 195 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓田火 (NWF), four-corner 27336)

  1. fish
  2. used as a surname
  3. KangXi radical 195

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1465, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45956
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1998, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4674, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B5A

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping jyu4, Yale yu4)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ n̂g, Guangdong ng2; ng2, ngiu2 [Meixian], Hagfa Pinyim ng2)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fish

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(uo, io, o, sakana): fish

From Old Japanese.[1]

The pronunciation shifted from /uwo/ to /uo/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うお, historical hiragana うを, romaji uo)

  1. fish
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alteration of older uo, appearing from roughly the Heian period. Still used in modern Japanese some dialects.[1]

The pronunciation shifted from /uwo/ to /iwo/ to /io/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana いお, historical hiragana いを, romaji io)

  1. fish

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of uo, appearing only in compounds.[1]

The pronunciation shifted from /uwo/ to /wo/ to /o/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , historical hiragana , romaji o)

  1. fish
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

(na): fish as a side dish

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (na, a side dish), spelled variously in kanji in modern Japanese as (for meat or fish), (for vegetables), (for fish).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. fish, especially as food
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 5, poem #869)
      多良志比賣 可尾能美許等能 都良須等 美多々志世利斯 伊志遠多礼美吉
      足姫 神の命の 釣らすと み立たしせりし 石を誰れ見き
      たらしひめ かみのみことの つらすと みたたしせりし いしをたれみき
      tarashi hime kami no mikoto no na tsurasu to mi-tatashi serishi ishi wo tare miki
      who saw the rock that rose up against us as we tried to catch the fish belonging to the empress?
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 2, poem #131)
      滷者無鞆 鯨取 海邊乎指而 和多豆乃 荒礒乃上尓 香青生 玉藻息津藻 朝羽振 風社依米
      潟はなくとも 鯨魚取り 海辺を指して 柔田津の 荒礒の上に か青なる 玉藻沖つ藻 朝羽振る 風こそ寄せめ
      かたはなくとも いさとり うみへをさして にきたづの ありそのうへに かあをなる たまもおきつも あさはふる かぜこそよせめ
      kata wa naku to mo isana tori umihe wo sashite Nikitadzu no ariso no uhe ni kaawo naru tamamo oki tsu mo asa ni furu kaze koso yoseme
      Even though there is no inlet, the wind that blows in the morning gathers green seaweed pearls and offshore seaweed onto the rocky beaches of Nikitazu along the big-fish-hunting [metaphor for "sea"] shore...
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

, (sakana): a side dish served with alcoholic beverages

Compound of Old Japanese elements (saka, sake, rice wine) +‎ (na, side dish).[1] Likely source of Okinawan sakana.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /sa.ka.na/, [sa̠˨.ka̠˦.na̠˦]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さかな, romaji sakana)

  1. fish
  2. a side dish served with alcoholic beverages: not necessarily fish, may be a vegetable or other meat
  3. (archaic) entertainment at a drinking party
Usage notesEdit

This is now the most common general word for fish in modern standard Japanese. The side dish sense is more commonly spelled .

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

From Middle Chinese (/ŋiɔ/). Compare modern Mandarin ().

Used in compounds.

AffixEdit

(hiragana ぎょ, romaji gyo)

  1. fish
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eo) (hangeul , revised eo, McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)


MandarinEdit

NounEdit

(traditional, Pinyin (yu2), measure word , simplified )

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) fish

CompoundsEdit

  • 箭魚
  • 魷魚 (yóuyú)
  • 魚鰾
  • 魚叉
  • 魚池
  • 魚翅
  • 魚蟲, 魚蟲兒
  • 魚刺
  • 魚肚
  • 魚肚白
  • 魚餌
  • 魚粉
  • 魚肝油
  • 魚竿
  • 魚缸
  • 魚鉤, 魚鉤兒
  • 魚貫
  • 魚具
  • 魚雷
  • 魚雷艇
  • 魚類
  • 魚鱗
  • 魚龍混雜
  • 魚簍
  • 魚卵
  • 魚米之鄉
  • 魚苗
  • 魚目混珠
  • 魚漂, 魚漂兒
  • 魚情
  • 魚群探測器
  • 魚肉
  • 魚市
  • 魚水
  • 魚水情
  • 魚死网破
  • 魚塘
  • 魚网
  • 魚尾紋
  • 魚鮮
  • 魚汛
  • 魚秧子
  • 魚鷹
  • 魚油
  • 魚遊釜中
  • 魚躍救球
  • 魚找魚,蝦找蝦
  • 魚子
  • 魚子醬
  • 章魚 (zhāngyú)

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*ngiu)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA gû (gu5), hî (hi5), hû (hu5))

ReferencesEdit


MulamEdit

HanziEdit

(məm6)

  1. fish

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana いう, romaji iu)

NounEdit

(hiragana いう, romaji iu)

  1. fish

NounEdit

(hiragana いゆ, romaji iyu)

  1. fish

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngư, ngơ, ngớ, ngừ)


YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

  • Template:yoi-readings

(hiragana いゆ, romaji iyu)

NounEdit

(hiragana いゆ, romaji iyu)

  1. fish

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana っゆー, romaji 'yuu)

NounEdit

(hiragana っゆー, romaji 'yuu)

  1. fish
Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:59