-갔-

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U+AC14, 갔
HANGUL SYLLABLE GASS
Composition: + +

[U+AC13]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC15]

Korean edit

Etymology edit

See the main entry. The vowel change to (a) is irregular; Ko Gwang-mo believes it was potentially influenced by a putative suffix *갓 (-*gat-), which would have been the yang-vowel form of the etymologically unrelated Early Modern suffix (-geot-).[1]

Suffix edit

(-gat-)

  1. Northern and western Gyeonggi and western Gangwon form of (-get-, will, intend, probably).
    • 2009 February 19, 민영철 [minyeongcheol], “도읍이 되지 못한 봉성산 [do'eubi doeji mothan bongseongsan]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye]‎[1], 경기도 김포시 하성면 [gyeonggido gimposi haseongmyeon]:
      그건 모르갔어요
      geu tteus-i geugeon jeo-du jal moreugasseoyo
      The meaning of that, even I would not know.
    • 2011 March 5, 배경성 [baegyeongseong], “궁예의 패망과 울음산의 유래 [gung'yeui paemanggwa ureumsanui yurae]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye]‎[2], 강원도 철원군 철원읍 [gang'wondo cheorwon'gun cheorwoneup]:
      타구 도망가갔구 산정호수 ...
      Mal tagu domanggagatgu geu sanjeonghosu dwi-e...
      Gung Ye intended to flee by riding a horse behind Sanjeong Lake...

Usage notes edit

  • Sometimes the synonymous suffix (-gat-), the form used in Hwanghae, Pyong'an, and Yukjin, is also written as (-gat-) under influence from the standard orthography.

References edit

  1. ^ 고광모 (Ko Gwang-mo) (2007) “방언들의 미정법 어미 '겄, 갔'의 형성에 대하여 [bang'eondeurui mijeongbeop eomi -geot-, -gat- ui hyeongseong'e daehayeo, The development of the presumptive prefinal ending -keyss- and -kass- in Korean Dialects]”, in Eoneohak, volume 49, pages 165—180