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U+B9D0, 말
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input: a-k-f

Hangul Syllables
See also: 말하다



리 ← → 매

Alternative formsEdit

  • (mol) (mostly obsolete)

Etymology 1Edit

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 말.


IPA(key) [ma̠ːɭ]
Phonetic Hangul :
RR mal
RR (translit.) mal
MC mal
Yale māl

Etymology 2Edit

Of native Korean origin.



  1. word, speech, language
Derived termsEdit
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
  • 한국말 (han-gungmal, “the Korean language”)
  • 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
  • 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 𨥬.

Probably related to Japanese (uma).

The ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ (morin, horse), Mongol морь (morj, horse), Mandarin (, horse), and Proto-Indo-European *márkos (horse) and descendants such as Irish marc (horse, archaic) or English mare (female horse). More at *márkos.


IPA(key) [ma̠ɭ]
Phonetic Hangul
RR mal
RR (translit.) mal
MC mal
Yale mal


(mal) (counter 마리)

  1. horse
  2. sawhorse
  3. checker, checkerman
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “How is this "related" to a Chinese term with complete different phonetics? Also, what relation to the Japanese term (masu, unit of measure for volume)? Many KO hanja readings ending in -l correspond to JA kanji readings ending variously in -shi, -chi, -tsu, and -su, opening the possibility of a KO mal <-> JA masu phonetic match. Lastly, is the prefix sense of great really from this same origin? How do the semantics work out for measure to also mean great? Perhaps this sense has a separate derivation?”

Native Korean related to Sino-Korean



  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ())
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
  3. (prefix): great, e.g., 말, 말개미, 말잠자리
See alsoEdit
  • (doe): 1/10 mal
  • (hop): 1/100 mal
  • (jak): 1/1000 mal

Etymology 5Edit

Short form of 말뚝



  1. stake
    • 1461: 은 말히라 (楞嚴經諺解 (활자본) 8:85)

Etymology 6Edit

First recorded in the Hunmong jahoe, 1527, as 𨥬.



  1. an alga or other waterborne cryptogam
  2. seaweed
    1. specifically Potamogeton oxyphyllus.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from (end)


(mal) (hanja )

  1. end