U+B9D0, 말
HANGUL SYLLABLE MAL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:a-k-f

[U+B9CF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B9D1]

JejuEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ma̠ɭ/

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. word
  2. speech
  3. language

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in Andrew Cheng; K. David Harrison, Jeju-eo Talking Dictionary, Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, 2014.
  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit





리 ←→ 매

SyllableEdit

(mal)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 말〯 (Yale: mǎl).

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? māl

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 말 / 말까지

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. word, speech, language
    을 주의하여 들어봐.
    Nae mareul juuihayeo deureobwa.
    Listen to me carefully.
Derived termsEdit
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
  • 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
  • 말이 아니다 (mari anida, “to be unreasonable”)
  • 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)
  • 한국말 (han-gungmal, “the Korean language”)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆯ (Yale: mòl).

The mar or mor sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ (morin, horse), Mongolian морь (morʹ, horse), Nivkh мурӈ (murŋ, horse), Old Chinese (*mraːʔ, horse), Mandarin (, horse), Japanese (uma, horse) and Proto-Indo-European *márkos (horse) and descendants such as Irish marc (horse, archaic) or English mare (female horse). More at *márkos.

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? mal

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 에 / 말

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word takes low pitch only before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes.

NounEdit

(mal) (counter 마리)

  1. horse
  2. sawhorse
  3. checker, checkerman
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 말〮 (Yale: mál).

Native Korean related to Sino-Korean . Auxiliary units of quantification of (, doe). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? mal

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / /

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable.

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ( (doe))
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
See alsoEdit
  • (doe): 1/10 mal
  • (hop): 1/100 mal
  • (jak): 1/1000 mal

Etymology 5Edit

PrefixEdit

말— (mal-)

  1. great; big
    malbeolgreat bee; wasp
    개미malgaemiking ant
    잠자리maljamjaritype of dragonfly

Etymology 6Edit

Short form of 말뚝 (malttuk).

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. wooden pile; stake

Etymology 7Edit

Of native Korean origin. From Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆯ (Yale: mol).

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. an alga or other waterborne cryptogam
  2. seaweed, specifically Potamogeton oxyphyllus.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Sino-Korean word from (end)

NounEdit

(mal) (hanja )

  1. end

Etymology 9Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(mal)

  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: )
  3. : end; tip
    (eumhun reading: (kkeut mal)))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC mʉɐt̚))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC mˠat̚))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC -))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))

ReferencesEdit

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 15. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Middle KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “First attestation? Any Old Korean forms known?”)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

말〯 (mǎl)

  1. word, speech, language

DescendantsEdit

  • Korean: (mal)

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly cognate with Japanese (masu), a similar unit of measure.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

말〮 (mál)

  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ( (doe))
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)

DescendantsEdit

  • Korean: (mal)