U+B9D0, 말
HANGUL SYLLABLE MAL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:a-k-f

[U+B9CF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B9D1]

JejuEdit

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. word
  2. speech
  3. language

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in Andrew Cheng; K. David Harrison, Jeju-eo Talking Dictionary, Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, 2014.

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit





리 ←→ 매

SyllableEdit

(mal)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: mal).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ma̠ːɭ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? māl

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. word, speech, language
    을 주의하여 들어봐. 
    Nae mareul juuihayeo deureobwa.
    Listen to me carefully.
Derived termsEdit
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
  • 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
  • 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)
  • 한국말 (han-gungmal, “the Korean language”)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆯ (Yale: mal) and as ᄆᆞᆯ (Yale: mol).

The ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ (morin, horse), Mongolian морь (morʹ, horse), Mandarin (, horse), Japanese (uma, horse) and Proto-Indo-European *márkos (horse) and descendants such as Irish marc (horse, archaic) or English mare (female horse). More at *márkos.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ma̠ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? mal

NounEdit

(mal) (counter 마리)

  1. horse
  2. sawhorse
  3. checker, checkerman
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: mal).

Native Korean related to Sino-Korean . Auxiliary units of quantification of (, doe). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ( (doe))
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
See alsoEdit
  • (doe): 1/10 mal
  • (hop): 1/100 mal
  • (jak): 1/1000 mal

Etymology 5Edit

PrefixEdit

말— (mal-)

  1. great; big
      ― malbeolgreat bee; wasp
    개미  ― malgaemiking ant
    잠자리  ― maljamjaritype of dragonfly

Etymology 6Edit

Short form of 말뚝 (malttuk).

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. wooden pile; stake

Etymology 7Edit

Of native Korean origin. From Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆯ (Yale: mol).

NounEdit

(mal)

  1. an alga or other waterborne cryptogam
  2. seaweed, specifically Potamogeton oxyphyllus.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Sino-Korean word from (end)

NounEdit

(mal) (hanja )

  1. end

Etymology 9Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(mal)

  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: )
  3. : end; tip
    (eumhun reading: (kkeut mal)))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC mʉɐt̚))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC mˠat̚))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC -))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC muɑt̚))

ReferencesEdit

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 15. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]