From pre-Middle Korean *kwùmùk, the modern form preserving the velar nature of the final consonant. First appeared in the seventeenth century as a distinctively Modern Korean form, displacing the Middle Korean form 구무 (Yale: kwùmwù), which still survives in some dialects.
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||gumeong|
Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, except before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes, when it takes full low pitch.
구멍 • (gumeong)
- hole, aperture, opening
- 벽에 구멍을 뚫다 ― byeoge gumeong'eul ttulta ― to drill a hole in a wall
- 바지에 구멍이 났다.
- Bajie gumeong'i natda.
- [I’ve] got a hole in my trousers.
- (literally, “A hole appeared in my trousers.”)
- (figuratively) defect, loophole, blind point
- (figuratively) loss, deficit
- 오존 구멍 (ojon gumeong, “ozone hole”)
- 검은 구멍 (geomeun gumeong, “black hole”)
- 구멍 가게 (gumeong gage, “small store”)