From Middle English los, from Old English los (“damage, destruction, loss”), from Proto-Germanic *lusą (“dissolution, break-up, loss”), from Proto-Indo-European *lews- (“to cut, sunder, separate, loose, lose”). Cognate with Icelandic los (“dissolution, looseness, break-up”), Old English lor, forlor (“loss, ruin”), Middle High German verlor (“loss, ruin”). More at lose.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /lɒs/
- (General American) IPA(key): /lɔs/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /lɑs/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒs, -ɔːs
loss (plural losses)
- an instance of losing, such as a defeat
- The match ended in their first loss of the season.
- The result of an alteration in a function or characteristic of the body, or of its previous integrity.
- Loss of an arm ; loss of weight ; loss of cognitive functions ; loss of appetite.
- the hurtful condition of having lost something or someone
- We mourn his loss.
- (in the plural) casualties, especially physically eliminated victims of violent conflict
- The battle was won, but losses were great.
- (financial) the sum an entity loses on balance
- The sum of expenditures and taxes minus total income is a loss, when this difference is positive.
- destruction, ruin
- It was a terrible crash: both cars were total losses
- (engineering) electricity of kinetic power expended without doing useful work
- The inefficiency of many old-fashioned power plants exceeds 60% loss before the subsequent losses during transport over the grid
- We often use make or take a loss. See Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
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