KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄇᆞᆰ다 (Yale: polkta). Alternation of 븕다 (pulkta, to be red, wence 붉다 (bukda)); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? bakda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? balgda
McCune–Reischauer? pakta
Yale Romanization? palkqta

AdjectiveEdit

밝다 (bakda) (infinitive 밝아, sequential 밝으니)

  1. to be bright, brilliant
  2. to be light, clear
  3. to be acute, keen, learned
  4. to be cheerful, happy, optimistic
  5. to be clean (of a social order)

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • 환하다 (hwanhada, “to be bright, brilliant”)
  • 옅다 (yeotda, “to be light, fair (of a color)”)

AntonymsEdit

  • 어둡다 (eodupda, “to be dark”)
  • 짙다 (jitda, “to be dark, deep (of a color)”)

Derived termsEdit

  • 밝히다 (balkida, “to brighten, enlighten”)

VerbEdit

밝다 (bakda) (infinitive 밝아, sequential 밝으니)

  1. to dawn

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • 밝을녘 (balgeullyeok, “dawn, daybreak”)
  • 밝이 (balgi, “dawn, daybreak”)