𑀧𑀁𑀘

Ashokan PrakritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit पञ्चन् (páñcan), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *pánća, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *pánča, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

NumeralEdit

𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca)

  1. (cardinal) five
    • c. 257 BCE, Ashoka, Girnar Major Rock Edict 3 :
      𑀲𑀭𑁆𑀯𑀢 𑀯𑀺𑀚𑀺𑀢𑁂 𑀫𑀫 𑀬𑀼𑀢𑀸 𑀘 𑀭𑀸𑀚𑀽𑀓𑁂 𑀘 𑀧𑁆𑀭𑀸𑀤𑁂𑀲𑀺𑀓𑁂 𑀘 𑀧𑀁𑀘𑀲𑀼 𑀧𑀁𑀘𑀲𑀼 𑀯𑀸𑀲𑁂𑀲𑀼 𑀅𑀦𑀼𑀲𑀁𑀬𑀸𑀦𑀁 𑀦𑀺𑀬𑀸𑀢𑀼 𑀏𑀢𑀸𑀬𑁂𑀯 𑀅𑀣𑀸𑀬 𑀇𑀫𑀸𑀬 𑀥𑀁𑀫𑀸𑀦𑀼𑀲𑀲𑁆𑀝𑀺𑀬 𑀬𑀣𑀸 𑀅𑀜𑀸 𑀬 𑀧𑀺 𑀓𑀁𑀫𑀸𑀬
      sarvata vijite mama yutā ca rājūke ca prādesike ca paṃcasu paṃcasu vāsesu anusaṃyānaṃ niyātu etāyeva athāya imāya dhaṃmānusasṭiya yathā añā ya pi kaṃmāya
      Everywhere in my domains, the Yuktās and the Rājūkas and the Prādesikas every five years shall set out for a complete tour for this purpose: this instruction in morality as well as other business.

Alternative formsEdit

Attested at Dhauli, Girnar, Jaugada and Kalsi.

Dialectal forms of 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (“five”)
Variety Location Forms
Central Kalsi 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca)
East Dhauli 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca)
Jaugada 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca)
Northwest Shahbazgarhi 𐨤𐨎𐨕 (paṃca)
West Girnar 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca)
Map of dialectal forms of 𑀧𑀁𑀘 (“five”)
 
𑀧𑀁𑀘 (paṃca) (4)
𐨤𐨎𐨕(paṃca) (1)

DescendantsEdit