-ело

BulgarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sparsely attested, from an earlier -ѣло (-ělo). Possibly built upon the instrumental suffix Proto-Slavic *-dlo, appended to forms ending in ě-stem (similar to Bulgarian -ало (-alo), -ило (-ilo)), or less likely from Proto-Slavic *-ělь + *-o (neuter marker). Virtually unproductive in Modern Bulgarian and in other Slavic languages.

Episodic cognates include Czech stavědlo (controlling center), Russian сиделка (sidelka, post, guardian, caretaker) (diminutive).

SuffixEdit

-ело (-elon

  1. Deverbial, forming neuter instrumental or effect nouns.
    dial. одея (odeja, to serve as a covering) (ě/V-conj) → одеяло (odejalo, blanket)
  2. Denominal, forming neuter instrumental or effect nouns, probably via an intermediate (often obsolete) stative/essive verb.
    кола (kola, car), dial. коло (kolo, wheelwright)*колея (*koleja)колело (kolelo, wheel) (probably)
Alternative formsEdit
  • -яло (-jalo) (after roots ending in a vowel)
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-elo, possibly reanalyzed from Etymology 1.

SuffixEdit

-ело (-elon

  1. Deverbial, forming neuter instrumental or effect nouns.
    чуча (čuča, to stand/stick in one place) (dialectal)чучело (čučelo, dummy, stuffed animal)
    кръщавам (krǎštavam, to baptize)кръщело (krǎštelo, baptism)