-тыр

TuvanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-тыр (-tır)

  1. Forms causative verbs.
    таныштырарtanıştırarto introduce (literally, “to cause to meet”)
    кылдырарkıldırarto make someone do (something)
    иштирерtirerto make someone drink (something)
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From *эр (*er, to be), from Proto-Turkic *er- (to be). Cognate with Turkish dir (it is).

VerbEdit

-тыр (-tır)

  1. (auxiliary, + noun) is
    Бо мээң кадайым-дыр.Bo meeñ kadayım-dır.This is my wife.
  2. (auxiliary, + verb) it seems, probably
    Чаъс чаар-дыр.Çàs çaar-dır.It'll rain (or so I have deduced from current meteorological conditions).
    Куштар дыңналы-дыр.Kuştar dıñnalı-dır.I hear birds (but I can't see them).

Alternative formsEdit

  • -дыр (-dır) (softening)
  • -тир (-tir) (front unrounded vowel)
  • -дир (-dir) (front unrounded vowel and softening)
  • -тур (-tur) (back rounded vowel)
  • -дур (-dur) (back rounded vowel and softening)
  • -түр (-tür) (front rounded vowel)
  • -дүр (-dür) (front rounded vowel and softening)