-яный

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -яно́й (-janój)
  • -ано́й (-anój)after a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) or ц
  • -аный (-anyj)after a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) or ц

PronunciationEdit

  • -яный: IPA(key): [ʲɪnɨj]
  • -я́ный: IPA(key): [ˈʲanɨj]

SuffixEdit

-яный or -я́ный (-janyj or -jányj)

  1. adjective-forming suffix, added to materials, indicating being composed of or related to that material; normally forms relational adjectives
    серебро́ (serebró, silver) + ‎-яный (-janyj) → ‎сере́бряный (serébrjanyj, (relational) silver)
    ма́сло (máslo, oil, butter) + ‎-яный (-janyj) → ‎ма́сляный (másljanyj, (relational) oil, butter)
    овёс (ovjós, oats) + ‎-я́ный (-jányj) → ‎овся́ный (ovsjányj, (relational) oat)
    ко́жа (kóža, leather) + ‎-яный (-janyj) → ‎ко́жаный (kóžanyj, (relational) leather)

Usage notesEdit

Note the following properties:

  • The suffix is added onto the stem in its reduced form.
  • The suffix becomes -аный (-anyj) after a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) or ц.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit