Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ěnъ.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-яно́й (-janój)

  1. adjective-forming suffix, added to materials, indicating being composed of or related to that material; normally forms relational adjectives
    вода́ (vodá, water) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎водяно́й (vodjanój, (relational) water)
    соль (solʹ, salt) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎соляно́й (soljanój, (relational) salt)
    смола́ (smolá, tar) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎смоляно́й (smoljanój, (relational) tar; tarry, tarred)
    земля́ (zemljá, earth) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎земляно́й (zemljanój, (relational) earth)
    ве́тер (véter, wind) (genitive ве́тра (vétra)) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎ветряно́й (vetrjanój, (relational) wind)
    лён (ljon, flax) (genitive льна (lʹna)) + ‎-яно́й (-janój) → ‎льняно́й (lʹnjanój, (relational) flax, linen)
    рожь (rožʹ, rye) (genitive ржи (rži)) + ‎-ано́й (-anój) → ‎ржано́й (ržanój, (relational) rye)

Usage notes edit

Note the following properties:

  • The suffix is added onto the stem in its reduced form.
  • The suffix becomes -ано́й (-anój) after a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) or ц.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit