Old Armenian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle Iranian *-andak, from *-and (present participle marker) +‎ *-ak, for which see Proto-Indo-European *-onts and Proto-Iranian *-akah, respectively. Found in the following terms wholly borrowed Iranian: բովանդակ (bovandak), սուրհանդակ (surhandak), օժանդակ (ōžandak), դժնդակ (džndak) and perhaps կարկանդակ (karkandak).

Suffix

edit

-անդակ (-andak)

  1. Forming adjectives
    այլ (ayl) + ‎-անդակ (-andak) → ‎այլանդակ (aylandak)
    չար (čʻar) + ‎-անդակ (-andak) → ‎չարանդակ (čʻarandak)

Usage notes

edit

Barely productive.

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit
Category Old Armenian terms suffixed with -անդակ not found
edit

References

edit
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʻ lezvi patmutʻyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period]‎[1] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 354
  • Djahukian, G. B. (1993) “The Armenian Suffixes of Iranian Origin”, in Bela Brogyanyi and Reiner Lipp, editors, Comparative-historical linguistics: Indo-European and Finno-Ugric. Papers in honor of Oswald Szemerényi III (Current issues in linguistic theory; 79), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins, page 262
  • The template Template:R:xcl:Jahukyan:1998 does not use the parameter(s):
    page=797ab
    Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.
    J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998) “-(ա)նդակ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʻneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʻ lezvi hamematakan kʻerakanutʻyan harcʻer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʻi, pages 5–48
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 304–305