-ակ

Contents

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ակ(-ak).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives
    գետակ‎ ― getakrivulet
    տնակ‎ ― tnaklittle house
  2. forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action
    սուզակ‎ ― suzakdiver
    սահնակ‎ ― sahnaksled, sleigh

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-ak, *-āk. Compare Middle Persian -k'(-ag), Persian ـه(-e). The suffix in its agent-noun-forming function is found in the following wholly borrowed terms: դերձակ(derjak), վարձակ(varjak), պատմուճակ(patmučak), նուիրակ(nuirak) and perhaps աւազակ(awazak).

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives from nominal stems
    աթոռ‎ ― atʿoṙchair
    աթոռակ‎ ― atʿoṙaksmall chair
    նաւ‎ ― nawship
    նաւակ‎ ― nawakboat
  2. forming agent nouns from verbal stems
    գտանեմ‎ ― gtanemto find, invent
    գտակ‎ ― gtakinventor
    լողամ‎ ― lołamto swim
    լողակ‎ ― lołakswimmer
  3. forming adjectives
    բոլորակ‎ ― bolorakcircular
  4. forming nouns from verbs
    է‎ ― ēis
    էակ‎ ― ēakbeing
  5. forming nouns from adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
    քանի‎ ― kʿanihow many?
    քանակ‎ ― kʿanakquantity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: -ակ(-ak)

ReferencesEdit

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ակ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48
  • Asatrjan, G. S. (2013), “Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]”, in Toxtasʹjev S. R., Lurʹje P. B., editors, Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica[1] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, ISBN 978-5-4469-0127-2, page 103