-ակ

Contents

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ակ ‎(-ak).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ակ ‎(-ak)

  1. forming diminutives
    գետակ‎ ― getak ― rivulet
    տնակ‎ ― tnak ― little house
  2. forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action
    սուզակ‎ ― suzak ― diver
    սահնակ‎ ― sahnak ― sled, sleigh

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-ak, *-āk. Compare Middle Persian -k' ‎(-ag), Persian ـه ‎(-e). The suffix in its agent-noun-forming function is found in the following wholly borrowed terms: դերձակ ‎(derjak), վարձակ ‎(varjak), պատմուճակ ‎(patmučak), նուիրակ ‎(nuirak) and perhaps աւազակ ‎(awazak).

SuffixEdit

-ակ ‎(-ak)

  1. forming diminutives from nominal stems
    աթոռ‎ ― atʿoṙ ― chair
    աթոռակ‎ ― atʿoṙak ― small chair
    նաւ‎ ― naw ― ship
    նաւակ‎ ― nawak ― boat
  2. forming agent nouns from verbal stems
    գտանեմ‎ ― gtanem ― to find, invent
    գտակ‎ ― gtak ― inventor
    լողամ‎ ― lołam ― to swim
    լողակ‎ ― lołak ― swimmer
  3. forming adjectives
    բոլորակ‎ ― bolorak ― circular
  4. forming nouns from verbs
    է‎ ― ē ― is
    էակ‎ ― ēak ― being
  5. forming nouns from adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
    քանի‎ ― kʿani ― how many?
    քանակ‎ ― kʿanak ― quantity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: -ակ ‎(-ak)

ReferencesEdit

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ակ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48
  • Asatrjan, G. S. (2013), “Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]”, in Toxtasʹjev S. R., Lurʹje P. B., editors, Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica[1] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, ISBN 978-5-4469-0127-2, page 103