-ակ

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ակ ‎(-ak).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ակ ‎(-ak)

  1. Forming diminutives.
    գետակ‎ ― getak ― rivulet
    տնակ‎ ― tnak ― little house
  2. Forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action.
    սուզակ‎ ― suzak ― diver
    սահնակ‎ ― sahnak ― sled, sleigh

SynonymsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-ak, *-āk. Compare Middle Persian -k' ‎(-ag), Persian ـه ‎(-e). The suffix in its agent-noun-forming function is found in the following wholly borrowed terms: դերձակ ‎(derjak), վարձակ ‎(varjak), պատմուճակ ‎(patmučak), նուիրակ ‎(nuirak) and perhaps աւազակ ‎(awazak).

SuffixEdit

-ակ ‎(-ak)

  1. forming diminutives from nominal stems
    աթոռ‎ ― atʿoṙ ― chair
    աթոռակ‎ ― atʿoṙak ― small chair
    նաւ‎ ― naw ― ship
    նաւակ‎ ― nawak ― boat
  2. forming agent nouns from verbal stems
    գտանեմ‎ ― gtanem ― to find, invent
    գտակ‎ ― gtak ― inventor
    լողամ‎ ― lołam ― to swim
    լողակ‎ ― lołak ― swimmer
  3. forming adjectives
    բոլորակ‎ ― bolorak ― circular
  4. forming nouns from verbs
    է‎ ― ē ― is
    էակ‎ ― ēak ― being
  5. forming nouns from adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
    քանի‎ ― kʿani ― how many?
    քանակ‎ ― kʿanak ― quantity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: -ակ ‎(-ak)

ReferencesEdit

  • -ակ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi
  • G. S. Asatrjan (Gaṙnik Asatryan) (2013), Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]. In: Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica / Pod red. S. R. Toxtasʹjeva i P. B. Lurʹje, Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, page 103