-ցի

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ցի ‎(-cʿi).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ցի

  1. Appended to a place name to denote a person originating from that place.
    Եվրոպա ‎(Evropa) — Europe
    եվրոպացի ‎(evropacʿi) — European
    Ֆրանսիա ‎(Fransia) — France
    ֆրանսիացի ‎(fransiacʿi) — Frenchman
    արտասահման ‎(artasahman) — abroad
    արտասահմանցի ‎(artasahmancʿi) — foreigner

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-skiyo-, composed of the suffixes *-sko- and *-iyo-.

SuffixEdit

-ցի ‎(-cʿi)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    խելք‎ ― xelkʿ ― brains
    խելացի‎ ― xelacʿi ― intelligent
  2. Denoting persons originating from a certain place.
    Քանան‎ ― Kʿanan ― Canaan
    քանանացի‎ ― kʿananacʿi ― Canaanite
    Հռովմ‎ ― Hṙovm ― Rome
    հռովմայեցի‎ ― hṙovmayecʿi ― Roman
    Փարպի‎ ― Pʿarpi ― Parpi (a village in Armenia)
    փարպեցի‎ ― pʿarpecʿi ― someone from Parpi
  3. Forming adverbs.
    մուրց‎ ― murcʿ ― fist
    մուրցացի‎ ― murcʿacʿi ― with the fists
    աք‎ ― akʿ ― leg
    աքացի‎ ― akʿacʿi ― with legs

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: -ցի ‎(-cʿi)

ReferencesEdit

  • -ացի, -եցի, -ցի” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi
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