- -hed, -hyede, -hiede, -heed, -hode, -hod, -hood, -hoode, -hade, -had, -ed, -ood, -hote, -hot, -hoþ, -wood
From Old English *-hǣd, -hād, *-hǣdu, from Proto-Germanic *haiduz. Compare hod.
The shift of the vowel from /ɔː/ to /oː/ is unexpected. Compare with a similar change in two and who (though in those cases, it is due to the influence of preceding /w/).
- (Early ME, Northern ME) IPA(key): /hɑːd/
- IPA(key): /hɛːd/, /hɔːd/
- (Late ME) IPA(key): /hoːd/
- Affixed to nouns and adjectives to form nouns denoting position, quality, state, condition or collectivity.