This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

Apparently identical to Sanskrit केतु (ketú, brightness, light; appearance, form, mark), from Proto-Indo-European *koytús, from the root *(s)keyt- (clear, bright, shining), whence also *haidraz (clear, bright).[1] (A pre-form *keydʰ- is also possible.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*haiduz m[1]

  1. manner, way
  2. personality, character
  3. appearance, aspect
  4. rank, degree, status
  5. state, condition
  6. kind, sort; gender
  7. (in compounds) -hood

Inflection edit

u-stemDeclension of *haiduz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *haiduz *haidiwiz
vocative *haidu *haidiwiz
accusative *haidų *haidunz
genitive *haidauz *haidiwǫ̂
dative *haidiwi *haidumaz
instrumental *haidū *haidumiz

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*xaiduz ~ *xaidiz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 151