Last modified on 19 March 2015, at 13:32

-in

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “from -ing, etc.”

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. (proscribed, dialect or eye dialect) alternative form of -ing
  2. (biochemistry) Used, as a modification of -ine, to form the names of a variety of types of compound; examples include proteins (globulin), carbohydrates (dextrin), dyes (alizarin) and others (vanillin).

Derived termsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-in f (plural -innen, diminutive -innetje)

  1. a suffix indicating the female counterpart of the stem

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. Suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. Instructive case suffix.
    kaksin käsin = with two hands
    paljain silmin = with bare eyes
    pitkin askelin = with long steps
    hyvissä ajoin = in good time
Usage notesEdit

No distinction is made between singular and plural, the -i- is always present. The suffix is added by replacing the inessive plural ending -ssa/-ssä with -n.

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. (poetic) A variant for the first-person singular possessive suffix -ni.
    rakkaani = rakkain

Etymology 4Edit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. (rare) Forms the genitive plural.
Usage notesEdit
  • Suffixed to the nominative singular but the final -i changes to -e-.
  • Note, however, that the more common suffix for the genitive plural is -en added to the plural stem ending with i or j. A link consonant d is also also sometimes present.
  • Nowadays This suffix is rare and usually gives archaic tone. Certain names, however, retain this, e.g. Yhdysvaltain, from Yhdysvallat (singular stem Yhdysvalta-), where also the more modern form Yhdysvaltojen is possible.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 5Edit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. Forms superlative adjectives.
    heikko (weak) → heikoin (weakest)
    matala (low, shallow) → matalin (lowest, shallowest)
    ruma (ugly) → rumin (ugliest)
    suuri (large, big) → suurin (largest, biggest)
DeclensionEdit

Back vowel harmony declension (includes vowels a, o, u)

Front vowel harmony declension (includes vowels ä, ö, y)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 6Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-in.

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. Forms inanimate instrumental nouns from verbs.
    avata (to open) → avain (key)
    keittää (to cook, boil) → keitin (appliance for cooking/boiling)
    puhella (to chat, chatter) → puhelin (telephone)

DeclensionEdit

Back vowel harmony declension (includes vowels a, o, u)

Front vowel harmony declension (includes vowels ä, ö, y)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -inus

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. adjectival suffix
    enfantin, from enfant
  2. nominal suffix
    crottin, from crotte

Derived termsEdit

  • feminin form: -ine

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-in (plural -innen)

  1. creates the female form of animals or persons or occupations; umlaut takes place on some occasions
    Autor ("author") → Autorin ("female author")
    Gott ("(a) god") → Göttin ("female god (goddess)")
    Hund ("dog") → Hündin ("female dog (bitch)")
    Katze (f; "cat") → Kätzin ("female cat")
    Sänger ("singer") → Sängerin ("female singer")
  2. names the wife of a person
    Pastor ("pastor") → Pastorin ("wife of a pastor")

Derived termsEdit


IdoEdit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. See -in-.

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

-in

  1. rōmaji reading of いん

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with German -in.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. used to form the female versions of agent nouns

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *-īn, from Proto-Germanic *-īnaz.

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. -en; creates adjectives for the material of which something is made.

Derived termsEdit

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -in not found

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-īnaz.

SuffixEdit

-īn

  1. used to create adjectives from nouns
    steinīn (made of stone) from stein (stone)
    guldīn (golden) from gold (gold)

DescendantsEdit


TurkishEdit

SuffixEdit

-in

  1. Second-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession in words ending in a consonant.
    ev - evin
    house - your house
    ofis - ofisin
    office - your office
  2. Genitive case suffix for the nouns which end in a consonant
    öğretmen - öğretmenin
    teacher - teacher's/of the teacher

Usage notesEdit

  • If the noun ends in a vowel, it becomes "-n" (for the possession suffix)
    kedi - kedin
  • It's used only when the word's last vowel is "e" or "i". It may change into "-ün", "-ın" and "-un" according to the last vowel of the word. (possession suffix)
    yüz - yüzün (the last vowel is "ö" or "ü")
    saç - saçın (the last vowel is "a" or "ı")
    yol - yolun (the last vowel is "o" or "u")
  • If the word ends in "p", "ç", "t" or "k", it may change them into "b", "c", "d" and "ğ".
    sebep - sebebin
    köpek - köpeğin
    çekiç - çekicin
    senet - senedin
  • It may cause the last vowel of the word dropped.
    beyin - beynin
  • If the word ends in a vowel, it's used with an auxiliary consonant; "n". (for the genitive case suffix)
    peri - perinin
  • It must be used with an apostrophe if it's appended to a proper noun.
    Canberk - Canberk'in