Appendix:Glossary of dental terms

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A edit

alveolar bone
A ridge on the surface of a teeth-bearing bone, such as maxilla and mandible in humans, that contains the tooth sockets.

B edit

bridge
A prosthesis replacing one or several adjacent teeth.

C edit

canine
In heterodont mammals, the pointy tooth between the incisors and the premolars; a cuspid.
caries
The progressive destruction of bone or tooth by decay.
cavity
A soft area in a decayed tooth.
cementum
A bony substance that covers the root of a tooth; cement
crown
A prosthetic covering for a tooth.

D edit

dentistry
The study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of teeth and surrounding tissues.
dry socket
An inflammation, usually acutely painful, of the alveolar bone following extraction of a tooth.

E edit

enamel
The hard covering on the exposed part of a tooth.
extraction
A removal of a tooth from its socket.

F edit

filling
A piece of amalgam used to fill a cavity in a tooth.

G edit

gingivitis
Inflammation of the gums or gingivae.
gum
The flesh round the teeth.

M edit

malocclusion
A misalignment of the upper and lower sets of teeth.
mandible
The lower jaw, especially the lower jawbone.
maxilla
Either of the two bones that together form the upper jaw.
molar
A back tooth having a broad surface used for grinding one's food.

I edit

incisor
One of the front teeth of mammals, between the canines.

O edit

overbite
A malocclusion, in which the upper teeth extend over the lower ones.
orthodontics
A specialty of dentistry concerned with correcting misalignment of teeth.

P edit

periodontics
The study of supporting structures of teeth—gums, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament—and diseases and conditions that affect them.
periodontitis
Any of a number of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium—the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
periodontium
The specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones; the tissues including alveolar bone, cementum, gums and periodontal ligament.
pulp
The soft center of a tooth.
pulpotomy
The surgical removal of part of the dental pulp.

R edit

root canal
The hollow part of the root of a tooth containing the nerve and blood vessels.

T edit

tooth
A hard, calcareous structure present in the mouth of many vertebrate animals, generally used for eating.
tooth socket
A socket in the jaw in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process of maxilla with the periodontal ligament.

U edit

underbite
A malocclusion, in which the lower teeth extend past the upper ones.

W edit

wisdom tooth
One of the four (one upper and one lower on each side) rearmost molars in humans, which typically develop between ages 18-24.