Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/dъva

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Slavic/dъva)
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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *d(u)vō, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *duoˀ (Derksen) / *duwō (?), from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ ‎(two):

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian (< *d(v)úo), Latvian divi (< *duvi), Old Prussian dwai.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit द्व ‎(dva), Avestan [script needed] ‎(dva), Ancient Greek δύω ‎(dúō), Old Armenian երկու ‎(erku) (< *dwóh₁), Latin duo, Old Irish , Gothic 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 ‎(twai) (< Proto-Germanic *twai), Lycian B 𐊗𐊂𐊆 ‎(tbi, (an)other, second), Lycian A 𐊋𐊂𐊆 ‎(kbi, (an)other, second), Albanian dy.

NumeralEdit

Proto-Slavic cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : *dъva
    Ordinal : *vъtorъ
    Adverbial : *d(ъ)va korti
    Multiplier : *d(ъ)vogubъ

*dъva

  1. two

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2015), “du”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 143
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 130
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “два”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “два”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 232
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1978), “*d(ъ)va”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 05, Moscow: Nauka, page 185f
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “два”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa