два

BelarusianEdit

Belarusian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два ‎(dva)
    Ordinal : другі ‎(druhi)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два ‎(dva) m and n, дзве f ‎(dzvje)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and дзве, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit


BulgarianEdit

Bulgarian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два ‎(dva)
    Ordinal : втори ‎(vtori)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

NumeralEdit

два ‎(dvam (два́ма ‎(dváma) m (personal), две ‎(dve) f, n)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

Coordinate termsEdit


MacedonianEdit

NumeralEdit

два ‎(dva)

  1. two

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два ‎(dva)
    Ordinal : второ́й ‎(vtorój)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

Cardinal numeralEdit

два ‎(dvam, n, две f ‎(dve)

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and две, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form came to be considered the genitive singular that it resembled. This was extended to include the numbers три ‎(tri) and четы́ре ‎(četýre), and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be nominative plural only if the noun is feminine inanimate

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit


RusynEdit

Rusyn cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два ‎(dva)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

Cardinal numberEdit

два ‎(dva)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

UkrainianEdit

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два ‎(dva)
    Ordinal : дру́гий ‎(drúhyj)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два ‎(dvam, n, дві f ‎(dvi)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

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