два

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dva) m and n, дзве (dzvje) f

  1. two

(cardinals from zero to twenty) нуль, адзін, два, тры, чатыры, пяць, шэсць, сем, восем, дзевяць, дзесяць, адзінаццаць, дванаццаць, трынаццаць, чатырнаццаць, пятнаццаць, шаснаццаць, семнаццаць, васемнаццаць, дзевятнаццаць, дваццаць


RussianEdit

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : второй (vtoroj)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

Cardinal numeralEdit

два (dva) m/n, две (dve) f

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and две, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form came to be considered the genitive singular that it resembled. This was extended to include the numbers три and четыре, and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be nominative plural only if the noun is feminine inanimate

DeclensionEdit

Masc. & neut. Feminine
nominative два две
genitive двух двух
dative двум двум
accusative два, двух две, двух
instrumental двумя́ двумя́
prepositional о двух о двух

Related termsEdit

  • двубортный
  • двуглавный
  • двугласный
  • двужильный
  • двуколка
  • двукратный
  • двуличность
  • двуличный
  • двурушник
  • двусмысленный
  • двустволка
  • двустворчатый
  • двусторонний
  • двухдневный
  • двухколейный
  • двухколёсный
  • двухлетний
  • двухместный
  • двухмесячный
  • двухмоторный
  • двухнедельный
  • двухэтажный
  • двуязычный

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. (cardinal) two (2)

UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два m/n

  1. (cardinal) two (2)
Last modified on 4 April 2014, at 07:53