BelarusianEdit

Belarusian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : другі (druhi)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dvam and n, дзве f (dzvje)

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and дзве, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit


BulgarianEdit

Bulgarian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : вто́ри (vtóri)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dva) (feminine/neuter две)

  1. two

InflectionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • два in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • два in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

MacedonianEdit

Macedonian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : втор (vtor)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dva)

  1. two

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

Russian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : второ́й (vtorój)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [dva]

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n (feminine две)

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and две , when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that, in Old Russian, два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form was reanalyzed as the genitive singular. This was extended to include the numbers три (tri) and четы́ре (četýre), and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be the same as the nominative plural only if the noun is feminine inanimate
    • Another way of seeing this is:
  • Nominative feminine is две + nominative plural adjective + genitive singular noun
  • Nominative masculine is два + genitive plural adjective + genitive singular noun.
  • Cases other than nominative and accusative (genitive, dative, instrumental, and prepositional) use plural forms, and agree in number and case with the noun.
  • Accusative animate is the same as the genitive, and accusative inanimate is the same as the nominative.

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


RusynEdit

Rusyn cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

NumeralEdit

два (dva)

  1. two (2)

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Serbo-Croatian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два
    Ordinal : други

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. two (2)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

Ukrainian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : дру́гий (drúhyj)
    Adverbial : дві́чі (dvíči)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n, дві f (dvi)

  1. two (2)

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Further readingEdit