BelarusianEdit

Belarusian numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: два (dva)
    Ordinal: другі́ (druhí)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n (feminine дзве)

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and дзве, when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit


BulgarianEdit

Bulgarian numbers (edit)
20[a], [b]
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: два (dva)
    Ordinal: вто́ри (vtóri)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dva) (feminine/neuter две)

  1. two

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • два in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • два in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

MacedonianEdit

Macedonian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : втор (vtor)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [dva]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

два (dva)

  1. two

DeclensionEdit


Old RuthenianEdit

Old Ruthenian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic два (dva), from дъва (dŭva), from Proto-Slavic *dъ̏va, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *duwō, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Cognate with Russian два (dva).

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n (feminine двѣ or дви)

  1. two (2)
    Synonym: ·в҃· (2)

DescendantsEdit

  • Belarusian: два (dva)
  • Rusyn: два (dva)
  • Ukrainian: два (dva)

Further readingEdit


RussianEdit

Russian numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: два (dva)
    Ordinal: второ́й (vtorój)
    Ordinal abbreviation: 2-о́й (2-ój)
    Adverbial: два́жды (dváždy)
    Multiplier: двойно́й (dvojnój), двоя́кий (dvojákij), двукра́тный (dvukrátnyj)
    Collective: дво́е (dvóje), о́ба (óba)
    Fractional: полови́на (polovína)

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n (feminine две)

  1. two (2)

Usage notesEdit

два and две , when in the nominative case or accusative case, even in compounds (22, 32, 42, 102, etc.), govern the genitive of the noun.

  • In the nominative case, all nouns become genitive singular. In the accusative case, animate nouns become genitive plural and inanimate nouns remain in genitive singular.
  • The reason behind the genitive singular here is that in Old Russian два governed the dual number, and the old nominative dual form was the same as the masculine genitive singular. When the dual number was lost in Russian, the form was reanalyzed as the genitive singular. This was extended to include the numbers три (tri) and четы́ре (četýre), and eventually it was applied by analogy to feminine nouns as well.
  • While the noun is in the genitive singular following два or две, an intervening adjective or adjectival participle will be in the genitive plural or nominative plural
    • If два is in nominative case, the adjective will be nominative plural when the noun is feminine
    • If два is in accusative case, the adjective will be accusative plural (the same as the nominative plural) only if the noun is feminine inanimate.
    • Another way of seeing this is:
  • Nominative feminine is две + nominative plural adjective + genitive singular noun
  • Nominative masculine is два + genitive plural adjective + genitive singular noun.
  • Cases other than nominative and accusative (genitive, dative, instrumental, and prepositional) use plural forms, and agree in number and case with the noun.
  • Accusative animate is the same as the genitive, and accusative inanimate is the same as the nominative.

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


RusynEdit

Rusyn cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два (dva)
    Ordinal : дру́гый (drúhŷj)

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Ukrainian два (dva), from Old East Slavic два (dva), дъва (dŭva), from Proto-Slavic *dъ̏va (two). Compare with Ukrainian два (dva), Polish dwa.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dva)

  1. two (2)

Coordinate termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Serbo-Croatian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : два
    Ordinal : други

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *duwō, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два̑ (Latin spelling dvȃ)

  1. two (2)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

Ukrainian numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: два (dva)
    Ordinal: дру́гий (drúhyj)
    Adverbial: вдру́ге (vdrúhe)
    Multiplier: дві́чі (dvíči)
    Collective: дво́є (dvóje)
    Fractional: пів (piv), полови́на (polovýna)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dъva.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

два (dvam or n, дві f (dvi)

  1. two (2)

DeclensionEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit