From Jew + -ish. Compare Middle English Judewissh (“Jewish”), Old English Iūdēisċ (“Jewish”), Dutch joodsch, joods (“Jewish”), German jüdisch (“Jewish”), Danish jødisk (“Jewish”), Swedish judisk (“Jewish”), Gothic 𐌾𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌹𐍅𐌹𐍃𐌺𐍃 (judaiwisks, “Jewish”). See also Yiddish.
- Being a Jew, or relating to Jews, their ethnicity, religion or culture.
- 2009, Irene Silverblatt, “Foreword”, in Andrew B. Fisher and Matthew D. O'hara, editors, Imperial Subjects: Race and Identity in Colonial Latin America, page xi:
- The notion of blood purity was first elaborated in Europe, where it was used to separate Old Christians from Spain’s New Christians—women and men of Jewish and Muslim origin whose ancestors had converted to Christianity.