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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs.

NounEdit

*rīxs m

  1. king

DeclensionEdit

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *rīxs *rīge *rīges
vocative *rīxs *rīge *rīges
accusative *rīgam *rīge *rīgās
genitive *rīgos *rīgou *rīgom
dative *rīgē *rīgobom *rīgobos
instrumental *rīge? *rīgobim *rīgobis

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *riɣ
    • Old Welsh: ri
      • Middle Welsh: ri
    • Old Breton: ri
  • Primitive Irish: ᚏᚔᚌᚐᚄ (rigas) (genitive)
  • Celtiberian: reikis
  • Gaulish: rix
  • → Proto-Germanic: *rīks (see there for further descendants)