This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs.

Noun edit

*rīxs m

  1. king

Declension edit

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *rīxs *rīge *rīges
vocative *rīxs *rīge *rīges
accusative *rīgam *rīge *rīgams
genitive *rīgos *rīgou *rīgom
dative *rīgei *rīgobom *rīgobos
locative *rīgi
instrumental *rīge? *rīgobim *rīgobis

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Brythonic: *rriɣ
    • Old Welsh: ri, rig
      • Middle Welsh: ri
    • Old Breton: ri
  • Primitive Irish: ᚏᚔᚌᚐᚄ (rigas) (genitive)
  • Celtiberian: reikis
  • Gaulish: *rīx
  • Proto-Germanic: *rīks (see there for further descendants)