See also: Rig. and ríg

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: rĭg, IPA(key): /ɹɪɡ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Etymology 1Edit

From Early Modern English rygge, probably of North Germanic origin. Compare Norwegian rigge (to bind up; wrap around; rig; equip), Swedish dialectal rigga (to rig a horse), Faroese rigga (to rig; to equip and fit; to make s.th. function). Possibly from Proto-Germanic *rik- (to bind), from Proto-Indo-European *rign-, *reyg- (to bind); or related to Old English *wrīhan, wrīohan, wrēohan, wrēon (to bind; wrap up; cover). See also wry (to cover; clothe; dress; hide).

NounEdit

rig (plural rigs)

  1. (nautical) The rigging of a sailing ship or other such craft.
  2. Special equipment or gear used for a particular purpose.
    The climbers each had a different rig for climbing that particular rockface.
  3. (US) A large truck such as a semi-tractor.
    Every rig at the truckstop had custom-made mud-flaps.
  4. The special apparatus used for drilling wells.
  5. (informal) A costume or an outfit.
    My sister and I always made our own rigs for Halloween.
  6. (slang, computing) A personal computer, typically one modified for looks.
    • 2004, Radford Castro, Let Me Play: Stories of Gaming and Emulation (page 104)
      When I saw a special version of Quake running on Voodoo hardware, I knew I would be forking out quite a bit of money on my gaming rig.
  7. An imperfectly castrated horse, sheep etc.
  8. (slang) Radio equipment, especially a citizen's band transceiver.
  9. (animation) A model outfitted with parameterized controls for animation.
    • 2002 September 20, Steph Greenberg, “Re: CG Mickey Test”, in rec.arts.animation, Usenet[1], message-ID <Xns928EB617492BStephG@130.133.1.4>:
      As for the facial stuff, I just didn't have the time to do a really good facial rig and just worked with the one I had, which was insufficiently flexible to accomplish what needed to be done.
    • 2012, Verónica Orvalho; Pedro Bastos; Frederic Parke; Bruno Oliveira; Xenxo Alvarez, “A Facial Rigging Survey: State of the Art Report”, in EUROGRAPHICS:
      As facial models become more and more complex, it is increasingly difficult to define a consistent rig that can work well for every possible movement.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rig (third-person singular simple present rigs, present participle rigging, simple past and past participle rigged)

  1. (transitive) To fit out with a harness or other equipment.
    1. (transitive, nautical) To equip and fit (a ship) with sails, shrouds, and yards.
    2. (transitive, manufacturing) To move (a heavy object) with the help of slings, hoists, block and tackle, levers, or similar equipment.
      To rig such massive equipment requires experienced riggers
  2. (transitive, informal) To dress or clothe in some costume.
  3. (transitive) To make or construct something in haste or in a makeshift manner.
    rig up a makeshift shelter
  4. (transitive) To manipulate something dishonestly for personal gain or discriminatory purposes.
    to rig an election
    • 2013 August 10, Schumpeter, “Cronies and capitols”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      Policing the relationship between government and business in a free society is difficult. [] Governments have to find the best people to fill important jobs: there is a limited supply of people who understand the financial system, for example. But governments must also remember that businesses are self-interested actors who will try to rig the system for their own benefit.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To make free with; hence, to steal; to pilfer.
    • 1557 February 13, Thomas Tusser, A Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandrie., London: [] Richard Tottel, OCLC 1049068421; republished London: Reprinted for Robert Triphook, [], and William Sancho, [], 1810, OCLC 7109675:
      Sir Hew is a rigging thy gate or the plow
  6. (transitive, intransitive, animation) To outfit a model with controls for animation.
    • 2012, Verónica Orvalho; Pedro Bastos; Frederic Parke; Bruno Oliveira; Xenxo Alvarez, “A Facial Rigging Survey: State of the Art Report”, in EUROGRAPHICS[2]:
      We can think of rigging a 3D character as a process analogous to setting up the strings that control a puppet.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See ridge.

NounEdit

rig (plural rigs)

  1. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) A ridge.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare wriggle.

NounEdit

rig (plural rigs)

  1. (obsolete) A wanton; one given to unbecoming conduct.
    • 1650, Thomas Fuller, “Of the Clothes and Ornaments of the Jews”, in A Pisgah Sight of Palestine and the Confines thereof; with the History of the Old and New Testament Acted thereon. [], London: William Tegg, published 1869, OCLC 729957916, book IV, section IV (The Habits of Girls, Virgins, Brides, Wives, and Widows amongst the Jews), paragraph 2, page 535:
      Let none condemn them [girls] for rigs, because thus hoiting with boys, seeing the simplicity of their age was a patent to privilege any innocent pastime, and few more years will make them blush themselves into better manners.
  2. A promiscuous woman.
    • 1936: Like the Phoenix by Anthony Bertram
      However, terrible as it may seem to the tall maiden sisters of J.P.'s in Queen Anne houses with walled vegetable gardens, this courtesan, strumpet, harlot, whore, punk, fille de joie, street-walker, this trollop, this trull, this baggage, this hussy, this drab, skit, rig, quean, mopsy, demirep, demimondaine, this wanton, this fornicatress, this doxy, this concubine, this frail sister, this poor Queenie--did actually solicit me, did actually say 'coming home to-night, dearie' and my soul was not blasted enough to call a policeman.
  3. (obsolete) A sportive or unbecoming trick; a frolic.
  4. (obsolete) A blast of wind.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

VerbEdit

rig (third-person singular simple present rigs, present participle rigging, simple past and past participle rigged)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To play the wanton; to act in an unbecoming manner; to play tricks.
    • 1616, George Chapman, The Hymn to Hermes, in The Whole Works of Homer (tr.),
      Rigging and rifling all ways, and no noise / Made with thy soft feet, where it all destroys.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From ring (algebraic structure), omitting the letter n to suggest the lack of negatives. Compare structure like a ring but lacking a multiplicative identity.

NounEdit

rig (plural rigs)

  1. (algebra, ring theory) An algebraic structure similar to a ring, but without the requirement that every element have an additive inverse.
    • 2004, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Volume 39, ACM Press, page 81,
      The set of natural numbers N with the usual operations of addition and multiplication is a rig, but not a ring. The set of integers Z is a ring. For a rig/ring (R,0,+,1,−), the set of polynomials R[x] on a generator x with the usual operations of addition and multiplication is also a rig/ring.
    • 2004, Jerzy Marcinkowski (editor), Computer Science Logic: 18th International Workshop, CSL 2004, Proceedings, Springer, LNCS 3210, page 17,
      It follows that for each object A its endomorphisms EndC(A) = C(A,A) has the structure of what is now called a rig, that is to say a (commutative) ring without negatives.
SynonymsEdit
  • (algebraic structure like a ring but without additive inverses): semiring

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Greek ρήγας (rígas)[1], cognate with the also borrowed Romanian rigă. Ultimately from Latin rex, thus forming a doublet of regj.

NounEdit

rig m (indefinite plural riga)

  1. (rare, card games) king in a pack of playing cards
    Synonyms: mbret, kerr

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “rig”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 371
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “rigash”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 371

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse ríkr (rich), from Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz, a derivative of *rīks (king, ruler), itself a borrowing from Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rig (neuter rigt, plural and definite singular attributive rige, comparative rigere, superlative (predicative) rigest, superlative (attributive) rigeste)

  1. rich (having wealth), wealthy, affluent
  2. exuberant, luxuriant
InflectionEdit
Inflection of rig
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular rig rigere rigest2
Neuter singular rigt rigere rigest2
Plural rige rigere rigest2
Definite attributive1 rige rigere rigeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 2Edit

From English rig

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rig c (singular definite riggen, plural indefinite rigge)

  1. rig (the arrangement of masts etc., the special apparatus used for drilling oil wells)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rig

  1. imperative of rigge

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

·rig

  1. first-person singular future conjunct of téit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·rig
also ·rrig
·rig
pronounced with /-r(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.