Open main menu
See also: Rig. and ríg



English Wikipedia has an article on:


Etymology 1Edit

From Early Modern English rygge, probably of North Germanic origin. Compare Norwegian rigge (to bind up; wrap around; rig; equip), Swedish dialectal rigga (to rig a horse). Possibly from Proto-Germanic *rik- (to bind), from Proto-Indo-European *rign-, *reyg- (to bind); or related to Old English *wrīhan, wrīohan, wrēohan, wrēon (to bind; wrap up; cover). See also wry (to cover; clothe; dress; hide).


rig (plural rigs)

  1. (nautical) The rigging of a sailing ship or other such craft.
  2. Special equipment or gear used for a particular purpose.
    • The climbers each had a different rig for climbing that particular rockface.
  3. (US) A large truck such as a semi-tractor.
    • Every rig at the truckstop had custom-made mud-flaps.
  4. The special apparatus used for drilling wells.
  5. (informal) A costume or an outfit.
    • My sister and I always made our own rigs for Halloween.
  6. (slang, computing) A computer case, often modified for looks.
    • 2004, Radford Castro, Let Me Play: Stories of Gaming and Emulation (page 104)
      When I saw a special version of Quake running on Voodoo hardware, I knew I would be forking out quite a bit of money on my gaming rig.
  7. An imperfectly castrated horse, sheep etc.
  8. (slang) Radio equipment, especially a citizen's band transceiver.
  9. A promiscuous woman.
    • 1936: Like the Phoenix by Anthony Bertram
      However, terrible as it may seem to the tall maiden sisters of J.P.'s in Queen Anne houses with walled vegetable gardens, this courtesan, strumpet, harlot, whore, punk, fille de joie, street-walker, this trollop, this trull, this baggage, this hussy, this drab, skit, rig, quean, mopsy, demirep, demimondaine, this wanton, this fornicatress, this doxy, this concubine, this frail sister, this poor Queenie--did actually solicit me, did actually say 'coming home to-night, dearie' and my soul was not blasted enough to call a policeman.


rig (third-person singular simple present rigs, present participle rigging, simple past and past participle rigged)

  1. (transitive) To fit out with a harness or other equipment.
  2. (transitive, nautical) To equip and fit (a ship) with sails, shrouds, and yards.
  3. (transitive, informal) To dress or clothe in some costume.
  4. (transitive) To make or construct something in haste or in a makeshift manner.
  5. (transitive) To manipulate something dishonestly for personal gain or discriminatory purposes.
    to rig an election
    • 2013 August 10, Schumpeter, “Cronies and capitols”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      Policing the relationship between government and business in a free society is difficult. [] Governments have to find the best people to fill important jobs: there is a limited supply of people who understand the financial system, for example. But governments must also remember that businesses are self-interested actors who will try to rig the system for their own benefit.
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To play the wanton; to act in an unbecoming manner; to play tricks.
    • 1616, George Chapman, The Hymn to Hermes, in The Whole Works of Homer (tr.),
      Rigging and rifling all ways, and no noise / Made with thy soft feet, where it all destroys.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To make free with; hence, to steal; to pilfer.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tusser to this entry?)

Etymology 2Edit

See ridge.


rig (plural rigs)

  1. (Britain, Scotland, dialectal) A ridge.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare wriggle.


rig (plural rigs)

  1. (obsolete) A wanton; one given to unbecoming conduct.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)
  2. (obsolete) A sportive or unbecoming trick; a frolic.
    • Cowper
      He little dreamt when he set out / Of running such a rig.
  3. (obsolete) A blast of wind.
    • Burke
      that uncertain season before the rigs of Michaelmas were yet well composed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Etymology 4Edit

From ring (algebraic structure), omitting the letter n to suggest the lack of negatives. Compare structure like a ring but lacking a multiplicative identity.


rig (plural rigs)

  1. (algebra, ring theory) An algebraic structure similar to a ring, but without the requirement that every element have an additive inverse.
    • 2004, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Volume 39, ACM Press, page 81,
      The set of natural numbers N with the usual operations of addition and multiplication is a rig, but not a ring. The set of integers Z is a ring. For a rig/ring (R,0,+,1,-), the set of polynomials R[x] on a generator x with the usual operations of addition and multiplication is also a rig/ring.
    • 2004, Jerzy Marcinkowski (editor), Computer Science Logic: 18th International Workshop, CSL 2004, Proceedings, Springer, LNCS 3210, page 17,
      It follows that for each object A its endomorphisms EndC(A) = C(A,A) has the structure of what is now called a rig, that is to say a (commutative) ring without negatives.
  • (algebraic structure like a ring but without additive inverses): semiring




From Old Norse ríkr (rich), from Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz, a derivative of *rīks (king, ruler), itself a borrowing from Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs.




  1. rich (having wealth)
  2. wealthy, affluent
  3. exuberant, luxuriant


rig c (singular definite riggen, plural indefinite rigge)

  1. rig (the arrangement of masts etc., the special apparatus used for drilling oil wells)


Old IrishEdit




  1. first-person singular future conjunct of téit


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
also ·rrig
pronounced with /-r(ʲ)-/
also ·rrig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.