Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-istaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-istHos, from *-yōs (elative suffix) +‎ *-tHós (adjectival suffix).[1][2] Cognate with Ancient Greek -ιστος (-istos), Proto-Indo-Iranian *-ištʰas.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

*-istaz (adverb *-ist, comparative *-izô)

  1. -est. Forms the superlative of certain adjectives.

InflectionEdit


Usage notesEdit

This was the normal superlative suffix for all i-, u- and ja-stem adjectives. The regular a-stem adjectives sometimes used this suffix, and sometimes the related suffix *-ōstaz without any predictable rule.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: -st
  • Old Frisian: -st
    • West Frisian: -st
  • Old Saxon: -ist
  • Old Dutch: -ist
  • Old High German: -ist
  • Old Norse: -str
  • Gothic: -𐌹𐍃𐍄𐍃 (-ists)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 221
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 284