Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-izô

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-yōs

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

*-izô (adverb *-iz, superlative *-istaz)

  1. -er. Forms the comparative of certain adjectives.

InflectionEdit


Usage notesEdit

This was the normal comparative suffix for all i-, u- and ja-stem adjectives. The regular a-stem adjectives sometimes used this suffix, and sometimes the related suffix *-ōzô without any predictable rule.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: -ra
  • Old Frisian: -era
    • West Frisian: -er
  • Old Saxon: -iro
  • Old Dutch: *-iro, *-ero
  • Old High German: -iro
  • Old Norse: -ri
  • Gothic: -𐌹𐌶𐌰 (-iza)