EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -st; see -est.

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. (archaic) Verb suffix for the second-person singular; Alternative form of -est
    • Macbeth
      Thou com'st to use thy tongue.

Etymology 2Edit

From the written form of first; see further etymology there.

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. Marks ordinals written in digits when the final term of the spelled number is "first"
    the 21st century
Coordinate termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

-s +‎ -t of excrescent suffixes, with -s sometimes genitive.

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. Excrescent suffix (adding sound but largely not changing the meaning).
    among + ‎-st → ‎amongst
    mid + ‎-st → ‎midst
    while + ‎-st → ‎whilst
Usage notesEdit

When there is a shorter synonymous word (as in amongst/among), the form with -st is generally considered more formal, old-fashioned or affected in American English; whereas both are usually interchangeable in British English.

However, against is distinct in meaning from again, and midst is used in some contexts distinctly from mid.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The suffix -st consists of two parts: a suffix -t (Proto-Indo-European *-ti) and an inserted -s-. The -s- is the result of a wrong segmentation of stem and suffix of a noun in cases where the stem of the noun ended with -s-. For example: a word like Dutch vorst (frost) could be interpreted as vors+t or as vor+st. This suffix existed already in Gothic (𐌰𐌽𐍃𐍄𐍃 (ansts), from 𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽 (unnan)).[1]

SuffixEdit

-st f (plural -sten)

  1. appended to the stem of a verb, this suffix yields a verbal noun; it is similar in function to the Dutch suffix -ing
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. appended to an adjective this suffix forms the superlative
    vreemd (strange)vreemdst (strangest)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A. van Loey, "Schönfeld's Historische Grammatica van het Nederlands", Zutphen, 8. druk, 1970, →ISBN; § 167

GermanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. verb suffix for the second-person singular
    Du hast eine Katze. (You have a cat.)

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. forming superlatives of adjectives and adverb

Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -s (adjective-forming suffix) +‎ -t (locative suffix) in the Old Hungarian period. The adverbial sense of the locative suffix -t can be shown only in this -st morpheme.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. (adverb-forming suffix) Forms an adverb of manner.

Usage notesEdit

It is no longer productive and can be found only in a few adverbs: bízvást, egyenest, fogvást, folyvást, folyton-folyvást, homlokegyenest, képest, mármost, mihelyst, most, nézvést, oldalvást, óvást, örömest, rögvest, szemlátomást, üstöllést, valamelyest, vegyest.[2]

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Papp, Ferenc (ed.). A magyar nyelv szóvégmutató szótára (’Reverse-Alphabetized Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, p. 495.

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Norse -sk, reduced form of the reflexive pronoun sik (whence Icelandic sig).

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. turns verbs into middle voice verbs

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -ist, -ost, from Proto-Germanic *-istaz, *-ōstaz.

SuffixEdit

-st

  1. Forms the superlative of adjectives; -est

Derived termsEdit

See Category:Middle Dutch adjective superlative forms.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: -st