- See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
- Occasionally, the -est suffix is added to a verbal adjective as a substitute for most. An example is winningest.
From Middle English -est, -st, from Old English -est, -ast, -st, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *-zi, from Proto-Indo-European *-si. The -t was by transfer from inverted order where thou followed the verb, which also occurred in most dialects of Middle Dutch and Middle High German (compare modern German -st).
- (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
- (adverbial suffix) Forms an adverb of manner.
- suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs