See also: est, Est, EST, êst, ēst, est., and Est.

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English -st, from Proto-Germanic *-istaz, *-ōstaz, related to comparative -er. Cognate of Dutch -st, German -(e)st, Danish -(e)st, Swedish -(a)st.

SuffixEdit

-est

  1. Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
    longest, biggest, fastest
Usage notesEdit
  • See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
  • Occasionally, the -est suffix is added to a verbal adjective as a substitute for most. An example is winningest.
Coordinate termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English -est, -st, from Old English -est, -ast, -st, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *-zi, from Proto-Indo-European *-si. The -t was by transfer from inverted order where thou followed the verb, which also occurred in most dialects of Middle Dutch and Middle High German (compare modern German -st).

SuffixEdit

-est

  1. (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
    goest, makest, wentest, madest
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-ust-.

SuffixEdit

-est f

  1. suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs
    eornost(earnest)
    þēnest(service)
    ofost(haste)
    orrest(battle, combat)

DeclensionEdit