-est

See also: est, Est, EST, Est., êst, and ēst

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English -st, from Proto-Germanic *-istaz, *-ōstaz, related to comparative -er. In all other modern descendents, form is -st, as in Dutch -st.

SuffixEdit

-est

  1. Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
    longest, biggest, fastest
Usage notesEdit
  • See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
  • Occasionally, the -est suffix is added to a verbal adjective as a substitute for most. An example is winningest.
Coordinate termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English -est, -st, from Old English -est, -ast, -st, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *-zi, from Proto-Indo-European *-si. The -t was by transfer from inverted order where thou followed the verb, which also occurred in Dutch and German.

SuffixEdit

-est

  1. (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
    goest, makest, wentest, madest
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-ust-.

SuffixEdit

-est f

  1. suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs
    eornost ‎(earnest)
    þēnest ‎(service)
    ofost ‎(haste)
    orrest ‎(battle, combat)

DeclensionEdit

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