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See also: -had and háð

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hadde (preterite), yhad (past participle), from Old English hæfde (first and third person singular preterite), ġehæfd (past participle), from Proto-Germanic *habd-, past and past participle stem of *habjaną (to have), equivalent to have +‎ -ed. Cognate with Dutch had, German hatte, Swedish hade, Icelandic hafði.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. simple past tense and past participle of have.
    • 1814 July, [Jane Austen], chapter I, in Mansfield Park, volume I, London: T[homas] Egerton, OCLC 39810224, page 1:
      About thirty years ago, Miss Maria Ward, of Huntingdon, with only seven thousand pounds, had the good luck to captivate Sir Thomas Bertram, of Mansfield Park, in the county of Northampton, [].
  2. (auxiliary) Used to form the pluperfect tense, expressing a completed action in the past (with a past participle).
    • 2011 April 15, Ben Cooper, The Guardian, London:
      Cooper seems an odd choice, but imagine if they had taken MTV's advice and chosen Robert Pattinson?
  3. (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: would have.
    • 1499, John Skelton, The Bowge of Courte:
      To holde myne honde, by God, I had grete payne; / For forthwyth there I had him slayne, / But that I drede mordre wolde come oute [].
    • 1603, John Florio, transl.; Michel de Montaigne, Essayes, London: Edward Blount, OCLC 946730821:
      Julius Cæsar had escaped death, if going to the Senate-house, that day wherein he was murthered by the Conspirators, he had read a memorial which was presented unto him.
    • 1849, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, 24:
      If all was good and fair we met, / This earth had been the Paradise / It never look’d to human eyes / Since our first Sun arose and set.

AdjectiveEdit

had

  1. (obsolete) Available.
    • 1485, William Caxton, The Preface to Le Morte d'Arthur:
      Which be not had in our maternal tongue.

Usage notesEdit

Had, like that, is one of a very few words to be correctly used twice in succession in English, e.g. “He had had several operations previously.”

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. preterite of ; had

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *satos, from *sh₁-tó-, past participle of Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

NounEdit

had m (plural hadoù)

  1. (botany) seed

Central Cagayan AgtaEdit

PronounEdit

had

  1. (interrogative) where

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

had m

  1. snake

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • had in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • had in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂d- (hate), *ḱād-.

NounEdit

had n (singular definite hadet, not used in plural form)

  1. hate, hatred

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. imperative of hade

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. singular past indicative of hebben

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Hungarian hadu, from Proto-Ugric *kontə, from Proto-Finno-Ugric [Term?] *kunta.[1] Cognate with Finnish kunta.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

had (plural hadak)

  1. (military) army

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative had hadak
accusative hadat hadakat
dative hadnak hadaknak
instrumental haddal hadakkal
causal-final hadért hadakért
translative haddá hadakká
terminative hadig hadakig
essive-formal hadként hadakként
essive-modal
inessive hadban hadakban
superessive hadon hadakon
adessive hadnál hadaknál
illative hadba hadakba
sublative hadra hadakra
allative hadhoz hadakhoz
elative hadból hadakból
delative hadról hadakról
ablative hadtól hadaktól
Possessive forms of had
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hadam hadaim
2nd person sing. hadad hadaid
3rd person sing. hada hadai
1st person plural hadunk hadaink
2nd person plural hadatok hadaitok
3rd person plural haduk hadaik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ András Róna-Tas & Árpád Berta, West Old Turkic: Turkic Loanwords in Hungarian. Part 2: L-Z, Conclusions, Apparatus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2011), 1277.

Jersey DutchEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. had
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      En kääd'l had twî jongers; []
      A man had two sons. []

NovialEdit

VerbEdit

had

  1. past tense of ha

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *haiduz (state, condition, rank, person). Akin to Old Norse heiðr (dignity, honor), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (haidus, manner).

NounEdit

hād m (nominative plural hādas)

  1. person, individual; character
  2. individuality
  3. rank, order; degree
  4. honor, dignity
  5. office (esp religious)
  6. state, condition; nature, manner
  7. sex, gender
  8. race; kindred, family; tribe, group
  9. choir

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

had m (genitive singular hada, nominative plural hady, genitive plural hadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. snake, serpent

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • had in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic حَدّ (ḥadd).

NounEdit

had (definite accusative hadı, plural hadlar)

  1. limit
  2. boundary

DeclensionEdit


Upper SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

NounEdit

had m

  1. snake, serpent

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *sato-, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁-tó-, past participle of *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

had m (collective, singulative hedyn, plural hadau)

  1. seed, seeds (collectively)
  2. semen, sperm

Related termsEdit