Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-ōs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *-oss, with simplification of the geminate consonants and compensatory lengthening, from neuter s-stem *-os with nominative *-s.

SuffixEdit

*(é)-ōs m or f

  1. Creates masculine and feminine action nouns or result nouns from verbs.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *(é)-ōs
genitive *(é)-osos
singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-ōs *(é)-osh₁(e) *(é)-oses
vocative *(é)-os *(é)-osh₁(e) *(é)-oses
accusative *(é)-osm̥ *(é)-osh₁(e) *(é)-osm̥s
genitive *(é)-osos *? *(é)-osoHom
ablative *(é)-osos *? *(é)-osmos
dative *(é)-osey *? *(é)-osmos
locative *(é)-os, *(é)-osi *? *(é)-osu
instrumental *(é)-osh₁ *? *(é)-osbʰi

Derived termsEdit

Category Proto-Indo-European words suffixed with *-ōs not found

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hellenic:
  • Proto-Italic: *-ōs

ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 309