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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰedʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*bʰedʰ-[1][2]

  1. to prick, pierce, stab
  2. to press, to bend
  3. to ditch

Derived termsEdit

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *bʰedʰ- not found
  • *bʰédʰ-h₂-ti (h₂-factitive)
    • Balto-Slavic: *bestei (to pierce, to stab)
      • Lithuanian: bèsti
      • Latvian: best
      • Slavic: *bosti (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰodʰ-h₂yé-ti (h₂ye-causative)
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (paddai, to dig)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: fodiō (to bury) (per LIV: with deaspiration and gemination of -dʰ- before -h₂)
    • Balto-Slavic: *badīˀtei (to sting)[3]
      • Lithuanian: badýti
      • Latvian: badît
      • Slavic: *boďati (often extended with various prefixes, e.g. *pro-, *na-, *jьz-)
    • Germanic: *badōną (to press)
  • *bʰódʰ-o-s (thematic nominal)
  • *bʰēdʰ-éh₂ (nomen abstractum) (conflated with *bʰoydʰeh₂ and *bʰeh₁dʰeh₂)
    • Balto-Slavic: *bẽdāˀ[5]
      • Lithuanian: bėdà (misfortune)
      • Latvian: bēda (sorrow, grief)
      • Slavic: *bědà (trouble, misery) (other meanings include calamity, poorness likely from *bʰoydʰ-)
  • *bʰodʰ-yó-m
    • Germanic: *badją (lair, burial plot)[6] (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic: *bodyom
      • Welsh: bedd (grave)
  • *bʰodʰ-h₂y-éh₂ (nomen postverbale)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: fossa (burial, grave)
  • *bʰedʰ-róm (nomen instrumentali)
  • *bʰódʰ-ros (nomen attributivum)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhedh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 113-114
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰedʰh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 66
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “badyti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 75-76
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “badas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 75
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bėda”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 85
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*badja”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 46
  7. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “βόθρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 224