From Proto-Indo-European *bʰod- (“to pierce, dig”) (root possibly lacking e-grade).
fodiō (present infinitive fodere, perfect active fōdī, supine fossum); third conjugation iō-variant
- I dig (up, out or around); bury; dig or clear out the earth from a place; mine, quarry.
- (figuratively) I prick, prod, pierce, thrust, jab, stab, wound.
- (figuratively) I goad, sting, disturb.
Note that the present passive infinitive is sometimes written as fodirī instead of fodī