Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/nu

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

AdverbEdit

*nu

  1. now
  2. well (as an interjection)
  3. and

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *nu[4]
    • Albanian: nu (when), ni (now)
  • Anatolian: *nu[5]
    • Hittite: 𒉡 (nu, now, and)
    • Luwian:
      Cuneiform: 𒈾𒀀𒉡𒌦 (na-a-nu-un /nānun/)
      Anatolian Hieroglyphs: [Anatolian Hieroglyphs needed] (awa-); [script needed] (unu), [script needed] (unun)}
    • Palaic: 𒉡 (nu)
  • Balto-Slavic: *nu[6]
    • Latgalian: niu, niule, niulen (now)
    • Lithuanian: , (now)
    • Slavic: *nъ
      • East Slavic:
      • South Slavic:
        • Bulgarian: нъ (n)
        • Macedonian: но (no)
        • Old Church Slavonic:
          Old Church Slavonic: нъ ()
          Old Church Slavonic: ⱀⱏ ()
        • Serbo-Croatian:
          Cyrillic: ну
          Latin: nu
  • Celtic: *nu[7]
    • Brythonic: [Term?]
      • Middle Welsh: nu
    • Gaulish: nu
    • Old Irish: nu, no-
  • Germanic: *nu (now)[8] (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *nu, *nū
  • Indo-Iranian: *nú, *nū́
  • Italic: *nū[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “nūn”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 338
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*nyně, *nъně”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 360
  3. 3.0 3.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “num”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 418
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “nu”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 301
  5. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) , “nu”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 702-703
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “nъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 360
  7. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*nu”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 294-295
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*nū”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 392