Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/píph₃eti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Thematic i-reduplicated verb of the root *peh₃-.

VerbEdit

*píph₃eti (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to drink, to be drinking

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *píph₃eti
3rd plural *píph₃onti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *píph₃oh₂ *píph₃om *píph₃ōh₂ *píph₃oyh₁m̥
2nd singular *píph₃esi *píph₃es *píph₃e *píph₃ēsi *píph₃oys
3rd singular *píph₃eti *píph₃et *píph₃etu *píph₃ēti *píph₃oyt
1st dual *píph₃owos *píph₃owe *píph₃ōwos *píph₃oywe
2nd dual *píph₃etes *píph₃etom *píph₃etom *píph₃ētes *píph₃oytom
3rd dual *píph₃etes *píph₃etām *píph₃etām *píph₃ētes *píph₃oytām
1st plural *píph₃omos *píph₃ome *píph₃ōmos *píph₃oyme
2nd plural *píph₃ete *píph₃ete *píph₃ete *píph₃ēte *píph₃oyte
3rd plural *píph₃onti *píph₃ont *píph₃ontu *píph₃ōnti *píph₃oyh₁n̥t
Participle *píph₃onts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *píph₃oh₂er *píph₃oh₂e *píph₃ōh₂er *píph₃oyh₂e
2nd singular *píph₃eth₂er *píph₃eth₂e *píph₃eso *píph₃ēth₂er *píph₃oyth₂e
3rd singular *píph₃etor *píph₃eto *? *píph₃ētor *píph₃oyto, *píph₃oyh₁o
1st dual *píph₃owosdʰh₂ *píph₃owedʰh₂ *píph₃ōwosdʰh₂ *píph₃oywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *píph₃omosdʰh₂ *píph₃omedʰh₂ *píph₃ōmosdʰh₂ *píph₃oymedʰh₂
2nd plural *píph₃edʰh₂we *píph₃edʰh₂we *píph₃edʰh₂we *píph₃ēdʰh₂we *píph₃oydʰh₂we
3rd plural *píph₃oror, *píph₃ontor *píph₃oro, *píph₃onto *? *píph₃ōror, *píph₃ōntor *píph₃oyro, *píph₃oyh₁n̥to
Participle *píph₃omnos

DescendantsEdit

All descendants show voicing of the second *p to *b. This is generally taken to be assimilation to the following laryngeal, yielding *píbeti.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*peh₃(i̯)-⁰”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 462-463
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN