Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/somHós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Presumably from *sem-.

AdjectiveEdit

*somHós (non-ablauting)

  1. same, alike, alone?
    Antonym: *h₂élyos

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *somHós *somHéh₂
genitive *somHósyo *somHéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *somHós *somHóh₁ *somHóes
vocative *somHé *somHóh₁ *somHóes
accusative *somHóm *somHóh₁ *somHóms
genitive *somHósyo *? *somHóHom
ablative *somHéad *? *somHómos
dative *somHóey *? *somHómos
locative *somHéy, *somHóy *? *somHóysu
instrumental *somHóh₁ *? *somHṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *somHéh₂ *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂es
vocative *somHéh₂ *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂es
accusative *somHā́m *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂m̥s
genitive *somHéh₂s *? *somHéh₂oHom
ablative *somHéh₂s *? *somHéh₂mos
dative *somHéh₂ey *? *somHéh₂mos
locative *somHéh₂, *somHéh₂i *? *somHéh₂su
instrumental *somHéh₂h₁ *? *somHéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
vocative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
accusative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
genitive *somHósyo *? *somHóHom
ablative *somHéad *? *somHómos
dative *somHóey *? *somHómos
locative *somHéy, *somHóy *? *somHóysu
instrumental *somHóh₁ *? *somHṓys

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Albanian: *-(i)sama
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sāmas
    • Proto-Slavic: *samъ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *somos
  • Proto-Germanic: *samaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *homos
    • Ancient Greek: ὁμός (homós) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *samHás (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian A: sоmа-
  • Tocharian B: sоmо-