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EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

From Kyrgyz сом (som) and Uzbek сўм (Cyrillic) / soʻm (Roman), both of which come from the Turkic root *som ("pure [gold]").

NounEdit

som (plural soms)

  1. The currency of Uzbekistan.
  2. The currency of Kyrgyzstan.
Alternative formsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

som

  1. Obsolete spelling of some

DeterminerEdit

som

  1. Obsolete spelling of some

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

som (feminine soma, masculine plural soms, feminine plural somes)

  1. shallow

VerbEdit

som

  1. first-person plural present indicative form of ser

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *somъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

som m

  1. archaic form of sumec

DanishEdit

ConjunctionEdit

som

  1. as (in the same way that)
  2. like
  3. such as
  4. for

PronounEdit

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sɔm/
  • (file)

NounEdit

som f (plural sommen, diminutive sommetje n)

  1. sum

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a Turkic language, compare Turkmen çüm (cornel), Kumyk чум (čum, berry).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃom]
  • Hyphenation: som

NounEdit

som (plural somok)

  1. cornel

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative som somok
accusative somot somokat
dative somnak somoknak
instrumental sommal somokkal
causal-final somért somokért
translative sommá somokká
terminative somig somokig
essive-formal somként somokként
essive-modal
inessive somban somokban
superessive somon somokon
adessive somnál somoknál
illative somba somokba
sublative somra somokra
allative somhoz somokhoz
elative somból somokból
delative somról somokról
ablative somtól somoktól
Possessive forms of som
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. somom somjaim
2nd person sing. somod somjaid
3rd person sing. somja somjai
1st person plural somunk somjaink
2nd person plural somotok somjaitok
3rd person plural somjuk somjaik

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *sòmъ; cognate with Russian сом (som), Old Polish som, Old Czech som, Polabian såm.

NounEdit

som m

  1. catfish (fish of the order Siluriformes)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • som in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • som in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

som

  1. first-person singular present of byś

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch sum, from Proto-Germanic *sumaz.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

som

  1. some

InflectionEdit

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • som”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • som (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

som

  1. as; similar to, in the same way that

Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

som

  1. (reflexive) who, which

PrepositionEdit

som

  1. as; to the same extent or degree that

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse sem.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

som

  1. as
    Han jobbar som kelner.
    He is working as a waiter.
Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

som

  1. (reflexive) who, which, that
    Dette er bilen som eg kjøpte.
    This is the car that I bought.
    Det var den mannen som kom.
    That was the man who came.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse sumr. Akin to English some.

Alternative formsEdit

  • sum (now nonstandard)

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

som m (feminine som, neuter somt, plural somme)

  1. some
    Somt av det er nytt, resten er gamalt.
    Some of it is new, the rest is old.

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese son (probably influenced by or possibly borrowed from Old Occitan son), sõo, from Latin sonus. Alternatively, regressively derived from the verb soar. Compare Galician and Spanish son.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

som m (plural sons)

  1. sound

Related termsEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:som.


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *somъ.

NounEdit

sȍm m (Cyrillic spelling со̏м)

  1. catfish

DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

The origins of this term are unclear. Possibly because som (catfish) is a big fish. Others believe it is due to the 1000 dinar banknotes of 1955, on which the person depicted appears to have two fish eyes (instead of welding goggles) on his head.

NounEdit

sȍm m (Cyrillic spelling со̏м)

  1. (colloquial) grand (a thousand of something, especially but not only money)
    dva somatwo grand

SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

som

  1. first-person singular present of byť

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish som or sum, in Runic inscriptions also sim, same as Icelandic sem, from Old Norse sem, from Proto-Indo-European *sḗm (one), also related to the prefix sam- (co-, common, together) and suffix -sam (-some, -like). Still in the Poetic Edda, the Icelandic sem is only used as a comparative particle, e.g. Hávamál 23 allt er víl sem var (And his woe is just as it was). With time it has displaced other relative conjunctions (es, er). Its use as a pronoun is of a later date.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

som

  1. as, like; similar to
    Flitig som ett bi.
    Busy as a bee.
    Hon lät som en häst.
    She sounded like a horse.
  2. as; in the same way that
    Som du önskar.
    As you wish.

Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that
    Det var hon som gjorde det.
    She is the one who did it.
    Det där är stenen som kraschade rutan.
    That’s the stone that broke the window.
  2. as; to the same extent or degree that
    Du är inte lika lång som jag är.
    You are not as tall as I am.
    Du är inte lika lång som jag.
    You are not as tall as me.

ReferencesEdit

  • som in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

TurkishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French saumon.

NounEdit

som (definite accusative somu, plural somlar)

  1. salmon

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative som
Definite accusative somu
Singular Plural
Nominative som somlar
Definite accusative somu somları
Dative soma somlara
Locative somda somlarda
Ablative somdan somlardan
Genitive somun somların