Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/terkʷ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*terkʷ-[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to turn, spin

Derived termsEdit

  • *térkʷ-ti ~ *tr̥kʷ-én-ti (athematic root present)[5]
    • Anatolian: *tarʔʷtˢi[3]
    • Tocharian: *tärk-[1]
      • Tocharian B: tärk- (to turn; work)
  • *torkʷ-éye-ti (causative)[5]
  • *te-tórkʷ-e ~ *tr̥kʷ-ḗr (reduplicated stative)[5]
    • Tocharian: [Term?]
  • *térkʷ-e-ti (thematic root present)[5]
  • *térkʷ-os[4]
    • Germanic: *þwerhaz (crossed) (< *tʷerk-os)
  • *terkʷ-ús[4]
  • *tŕ̥kʷ-os
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  • *tórkʷ-mn̥-teh₂[2]
  • *tоrkʷ-ós
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  • *tórkʷ-tom[2]
  • Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (1999) , “²tärk”, in A dictionary of Tocharian B (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 294-295
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “torqueō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 624
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) , “tar(k)u-zi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 842-844
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*þwerha-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 556
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*terkʷ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 635
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “ἄτρακτος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 164