Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *torkʷeō, from Proto-Indo-European *terkʷ- (to turn).

Cognates include Latin trīcae, trepidus, turpis, Sanskrit तर्कु (tarkú), Hittite 𒋻𒌑𒍣 (tarúzi) and Old Church Slavonic тракъ (trakŭ). See also English torch, torque, thwart, queer.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

torqueō (present infinitive torquēre, perfect active torsī, supine tortum); second conjugation

  1. to twist, wind
  2. to hurl violently; to spin, whirl
  3. to twist or bend awry, distort
  4. to torment, torture

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of torqueō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torqueō torquēs torquet torquēmus torquētis torquent
imperfect torquēbam torquēbās torquēbat torquēbāmus torquēbātis torquēbant
future torquēbō torquēbis torquēbit torquēbimus torquēbitis torquēbunt
perfect torsī torsistī torsit torsimus torsistis torsērunt,
pluperfect torseram torserās torserat torserāmus torserātis torserant
future perfect torserō torseris torserit torserimus torseritis torserint
passive present torqueor torquēris,
torquētur torquēmur torquēminī torquentur
imperfect torquēbar torquēbāris,
torquēbātur torquēbāmur torquēbāminī torquēbantur
future torquēbor torquēberis,
torquēbitur torquēbimur torquēbiminī torquēbuntur
perfect tortus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tortus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tortus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torqueam torqueās torqueat torqueāmus torqueātis torqueant
imperfect torquērem torquērēs torquēret torquērēmus torquērētis torquērent
perfect torserim torserīs torserit torserīmus torserītis torserint
pluperfect torsissem torsissēs torsisset torsissēmus torsissētis torsissent
passive present torquear torqueāris,
torqueātur torqueāmur torqueāminī torqueantur
imperfect torquērer torquērēris,
torquērētur torquērēmur torquērēminī torquērentur
perfect tortus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tortus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torquē torquēte
future torquētō torquētō torquētōte torquentō
passive present torquēre torquēminī
future torquētor torquētor torquentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives torquēre torsisse tortūrum esse torquērī,
tortum esse tortum īrī
participles torquēns tortūrus tortus torquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
torquendī torquendō torquendum torquendō tortum tortū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Vulgar Latin: *torcere (see there for further descendants)
  • English: torque
  • ? Welsh: terchu

References edit

  • torqueo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • torqueo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • torqueo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer torments of expectation, delay: exspectatione torqueri, cruciari