Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/dz(j)a-k/n/t/s

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dzaʔ (Schuessler, 2007)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *dz(y)a-k/n/t/s (Matisoff, STEDT); *dzya-n/k (Mortensen, 2012); *dza (Weidert, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991; Benedict, 1972); *dza-n ⪤ dza-k (Matisoff, 1983); *dzɑ (Chou, 1972)

Some consider Chinese to be a reflex of this root; according to the latest reconstructions, and its cognates are probably best listed under *m/s/g-ljak (to lick).

Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *caʔ (to eat).

VerbEdit

*dz(j)a-k/n/t/s

  1. to eat
  2. food
  3. to feed (?)
  4. rice

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: (*ʔsaʔ, zaʔ (ZS), to taste, to savour), (*zaːg, zaːgs (ZS), (ancient Chu dialect) to eat), (*tsʰˁar (B-S, unlisted), *sʰaːn (ZS), to eat)
    (Note: may alternatively (and perhaps more preferably) be compared with WT འཚལ་བ ('tshal ba, (archaic) to eat, to fill the belly), ཚལ་མ (tshal ma, breakfast).)
    • Middle Chinese: (tsɨʌX, dzɨʌX, to chew), (dzɑk, dzuoH), (tsʰɑn, meal)
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: () (/t͡ɕy²¹⁴/), (cān) (/t͡sʰan⁵⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
      • Lepcha: ᰙᰨ (zo, to eat)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • rGyalrongic
      • Japhug: ndza (eat)
      • Situ: ndza (eat)
      • Tshobdun: ⁿdzē (eat)
      • Zbu: ⁿdzē ~ ⁿdzī (eat)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: စား (ca:, to eat, to consume; to erode, to corrode)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (zze, to eat (non-liquid food))

See alsoEdit