Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/m/s/g-ljak

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *liek (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *m-lyak ⪤ *s-lyak ⪤ *g-lyak (Matisoff, STEDT); *(m-)lyak ~ (s-)lyak (Benedict, 1972; Weidert, 1987; Coblin, 1986); *m-lyak ⪤ *s-lyak (LaPolla, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991)

Other cognate roots in STEDT:

The words for "to lick" and "tongue" in many languages have similar shapes, compare:

VerbEdit

*m/s/g-ljak

  1. to lick

NounEdit

*m/s/g-ljak

  1. tongue

DescendantsEdit

Descendants listed hereafter are mainly for words with the sense "to lick" only. Words with the sense "tongue" in daughter languages are mostly cognate to these and can be found at *m/s-laj ~ s-lej.

  • Old Chinese:
    , , , 𦧇, 𦧧 (*Cə.leʔ (B-S), *ɦljeʔ (ZS), to lick)
    (*l̥ʰeːmʔ, to entice)
    (*mə-lək (B-S), *ɦljɯɡ (ZS), to eat)
    (*mə-lək (B-S), *ɦljɯɡ (ZS), to eat away, to erode; eclipse)
    / (*s-m-lək-s (B-S), *ljɯ (ZS), to feed, to rear)
      • Modern Mandarin
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /lɑːi³⁵/ (colloquial: 𦧺); /sɑːi³⁵/ (literary); , /lɛːm³⁵/ (colloquial); /tʰiːm³⁵/ (literary); , /ɕɪk̚²/; /t͡ɕiː²²/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ལྡག་པ (ldag pa, to lick)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (yot, to lick, to lap up)
  • Karen: *hlajᴮ (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See alsoEdit