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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dōˀwāˀtei, iterative from the root *dōˀ-, from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃. Constructed as if *da(ti) +‎ *-vati, with the same suffix found in iterative (later imperfective) *stavati (to stand), *-znavati (to know), etc. Compare Latvian dãvât (to give (iterative)), Lithuanian daviaũ (I gave, past), Ancient Greek δοϝέναι (dowénai, to give (iterative)) (Cypriot dialect), Sanskrit दावने (dāváne).

Per Derksen, the 1sg. *dajǫ is built off of the aorist stem.


*dāvàti impf (perfective *dati)

  1. to give (iterative)


Related termsEdit



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 96–97
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “дава́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “дать”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 232
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1977), “*davati”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 04, Moscow: Nauka, pages 197–198