From Middle English given, from Old Norse gefa (“to give”), from Proto-Germanic *gebaną (“to give”). Merged with native Middle English yiven, ȝeven, from Old English ġiefan, from the same Proto-Germanic source (compare the obsolete inherited English doublet yive).
- (ditransitive) To move, shift, provide something abstract or concrete to someone or something or somewhere.
- To transfer one's possession or holding of (something) to (someone).
- I gave him my coat.
- I gave my coat to the beggar.
- When they asked, I gave my coat.
- To make a present or gift of.
- I'm going to give my wife a necklace for her birthday.
- She gave a pair of shoes to her husband for their anniversary.
- He gives of his energies to the organization.
- To pledge.
- I gave him my word that I'd protect his children.
- To provide (something) to (someone), to allow or afford.
- I gave them permission to miss tomorrow's class.
- Please give me some more time.
- To cause (a sensation or feeling) to exist in.
- It gives me a lot of pleasure to be here tonight.
- The fence gave me an electric shock.
- My mother-in-law gives me nothing but grief.
- To carry out (a physical interaction) with (something).
- I want to give you a kiss.
- She gave him a hug.
- I'd like to give the tire a kick.
- I gave the boy a push on the swing.
- She gave me a wink afterwards, so I knew she was joking.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 68:
- Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, with something of the stately pose which Richter has given his Queen Louise on the stairway, […] .
- To pass (something) into (someone's hand, etc.).
- Give me your hand.
- On entering the house, he gave his coat to the doorman.
- To cause (a disease or condition) in, or to transmit (a disease or condition) to.
- My boyfriend gave me chlamydia.
- He was convinced that it was his alcoholism that gave him cancer.
- a. 1700, William Temple, “Heads, Designed for an Essay on Conversation”, in Miscellanea. The Third Part. [...], London: […] Jonathan Swift, […] Benjamin Tooke, […], published 1701, OCLC 23640974, page 331:
- Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
- To transfer one's possession or holding of (something) to (someone).
- (ditransitive) To estimate or predict (a duration or probability) for (something).
- I give it ten minutes before he gives up.
- I give it a 95% chance of success.
- I'll give their marriage six months.
- (intransitive) To yield slightly when a force is applied.
- 1992, Garry Wills, “prologue”, in Lincoln at Gettysburg, page 21:
- A soldier noticed how earth "gave" as he walked over the shallow trenches.
- (intransitive) To collapse under pressure or force.
- One pillar gave, then more, and suddenly the whole floor pancaked onto the floor below.
- (transitive) To provide, as, a service or a broadcast.
- They're giving my favorite show!
- 2003, Iain Aitken, Value-Driven IT Management: Commercializing the IT Function, page 153
- […] who did not have a culture in which 'giving good presentation' and successfully playing the internal political game was the way up.
- 2006, Christopher Matthew Spencer The Ebay Entrepreneur, page 248
- A friendly voice on the phone welcoming prospective new clients is a must. Don't underestimate the importance of giving good "phone".
- (intransitive) To lead (onto or into).
- The master bedroom gives onto a spacious balcony.
- (transitive, dated) To provide a view of.
- His window gave the park.
- To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to yield.
- The number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship.
- To cause; to make; used with the infinitive.
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene viii], page 171:
- But there the duke was given to understand / That in a gondola were seen together / Lorenzo and his amorous Jessica.
- To cause (someone) to have; produce in (someone); effectuate.
- 1997, Jim Smoke, How a Man Measures Success, page 82:
- "Can do" gives me a choice, while "should do" gives me a complex.
- To allow or admit by way of supposition; to concede.
- He can be bad-tempered, I'll give you that, but he's a hard worker.
- To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
- To communicate or announce (advice, tidings, etc.); to pronounce or utter (an opinion, a judgment, a shout, etc.).
- The umpire finally gave his decision: the ball was out.
- (dated or religion) To grant power, permission, destiny, etc. (especially to a person); to allot; to allow.
- (reflexive) To devote or apply (oneself).
- The soldiers give themselves to plunder.
- That boy is given to fits of bad temper.
- (obsolete) To become soft or moist.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
- (obsolete) To shed tears; to weep.
- c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 94:
- Whose eyes do never give / But through lust and laughter.
- (obsolete) To have a misgiving.
- (slang) To be going on, to be occurring
- In older forms of English, when the pronoun thou was in active use, and verbs used -est for distinct second-person singular indicative forms, the verb give had the form givest, and had gavest for its past tense.
- Similarly, when the ending -eth was in active use for third-person singular present indicative forms, the form giveth was used.
|present||I give||we give||I am giving||we are giving||I have given||we have given||I have been giving||we have been giving|
|you give||you give||you are giving||you are giving||you have given||you have given||you have been giving||you have been giving|
|he gives||they give||he is giving||they are giving||he has given||they have given||he has been giving||they have been giving|
|past||I gave||we gave||I was giving||we were giving||I had given||we had given||I had been giving||we had been giving|
|you gave||you gave||you were giving||you were giving||you had given||you had given||you had been giving||you had been giving|
|he gave||they gave||he was giving||they were giving||he had given||they had given||he had been giving||they had been giving|
|future||I will give||we will give||I will be giving||we will be giving||I will have given||we will have given||I will have been giving||we will have been giving|
|you will give||you will give||you will be giving||you will be giving||you will have given||you will have given||you will have been giving||you will have been giving|
|he will give||they will give||he will be giving||they will be giving||he will have given||they will have given||he will have been giving||they will have been giving|
|conditional||I would give||we would give||I would be giving||we would be giving||I would have given||we would have given||I would have been giving||we would have been giving|
|you would give||you would give||you would be giving||you would be giving||you would have given||you would have given||you would have been giving||you would have been giving|
|he would give||they would give||he would be giving||they would be giving||he would have given||they would have given||he would have been giving||they would have been giving|
- (transfer possession of): See Thesaurus:give
- (bend slightly when a force is applied): bend, cede, flex, move, yield, split
- (estimate or predict): estimate, guess, predict
- (transfer possession of): get, obtain, receive, take
- (bend slightly when a force is applied): not bend/cede/flex/give/move/yield, resist
- give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime
- give and take
- give away
- give away the store
- give back
- give birth
- give forth
- give ground
- give head
- give in
- give it one's all
- give it one's best shot
- give it up for
- give off
- give one's all
- give one's daughter away
- give on to
- give or take
- give out
- give over
- give pause
- give someone a break
- give someone a chance
- give someone a kiss
- give someone grief
- give someone the business
- give someone the time of day
- give something a miss
- give something a shot
- give something a try
- give thanks
- give to understand
- give up
- give vent to
- give way
- it is better to give than to receive
- something's got to give
- what gives?
- you only get what you give
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- The amount of bending that something undergoes when a force is applied to it; a tendency to yield under pressure; resilence.
- This chair doesn't have much give.
- There is no give in his dogmatic religious beliefs.
give (plural gives)
- Alternative form of
- give at OneLook Dictionary Search
- gi' (representing the spoken language)
From Old Norse gefa, from Proto-Germanic *gebaną, cognate with English give and German geben. The Germanic verbs go back to Proto-Indo-European *gʰebʰ- (“to give”) (hence Sanskrit गभस्ति (gábhasti, “arm”)); rather than *gʰeh₁bʰ- (“to grab”) (whence Latin habeō (“to have”)). The two roots may be related; if so, Latin habeō may be a very distant cognate.
- to give