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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gúntei or *gíntei, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti. Baltic cognates include Lithuanian giñti (to chase, to drive) (1sg. genù), also gìnti (1sg. ginù); Latvian dzìt (to chase, to drive, to persecute) (1sg. dzȩnu) and Old Prussian guntwei (to chase, to drive). Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit हन्ति (hánti, to strike, to kill), Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌 (jainti), Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, to kill), Albanian gjanj (to chase), Old Irish gonaid (to injure).


*gъnàti impf

  1. to chase, to persecute


Related termsEdit



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 197
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “гнать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “гнать”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 194
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1980), “*gъnati”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 7, Moscow: Nauka, pages 196–197
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “гнать”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa