Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kadь

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic

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Etymology

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Probably borrowed from Ancient Greek κάδιον (kádion), a diminutive form of Ancient Greek κάδος (kádos, bucket, jar), of Semitic origin. Also borrowed in Latin cadus (bottle, jar), whence English cade.

Maček, Miklošič, and Trubachev do not exclude a native origin due to the slight semantic difference from the Greek term and also because of (sparse) evidence for alternative ū-stem forms such as dialectal Russian ка́довь (kádovʹ, cask) (generalized from gen. of Proto-Slavic *kady). Possible origin (per Machek) from Proto-Indo-European *kādʰ- (convex shape), with hypothetical cognate Ancient Greek κηθίς (kēthís, urn).

Noun

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kȃdь f[1]

  1. cask, vat
    Synonym: *bъči

Alternative forms

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Inflection

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “кадь”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1983), “*kadь”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 9 (*jьz – *klenьje), Moscow: Nauka, page 112
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1979), “кад²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 2 (и – крепя̀), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 128

References

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  1. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “kad”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, https://fran.si:Pslovan. *kȃdь