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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin.

The central Indo-European word for "fish" *dʰǵʰu- (fish) (yielding Ancient Greek ἰχθύς (ikhthús), Lithuanian žuvìs, Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn)) would have given Proto-Slavic v-stem **zy (genitive **zъve, accusative **zъvь), and was, as the theory goes, avoided by fishermen due to taboo, or because it would've sounded too similar to the verb *zъvati (to call).

Some of the proposed etymologies include:

  • From Early Proto-Slavic *rų̄bā, which is then comparable to *rębъ (speckled, motley, variegated), with fish scales being the semantic connection. For a similar development compare *pьstry (salmonid fish), originally "the colorful/variegated one" < *pьstrъ (variegated).
  • From the Early Proto-Slavic root *ūr- (water, swamp, pond) which is attested in Baltic languages, with a rare metathesis and the suffix *-ba for forming abstract nouns.

NounEdit

*rỳba f

  1. fish

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 526
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “рыба”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress