This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. The vocalism is highly aberrant; the expected *ę from Proto-Balto-Slavic *im < IE *m̥ is found in *tysęti. The back vowel is sometimes connected with dialectal Lithuanian šum̃tas of dubious antiquity, leaving the lack of nasal unexplained still. Owing to these difficulties, an external source has been sought, perhaps Iranian; higher numerals like ‘hundred’ are frequently borrowed.

Noun edit

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
 ←  10  ←  90 100 200  →  1,000  → 
    Cardinal: *sъto

*sъ̏to n[1][2][3]

  1. hundred

Inflection edit

Accent paradigm c.

Descendants edit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: съто (sŭto), сто (sto)
    • Old Novgorodian: съто (sŭto), сто (sto)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Kashubian: sto
    • Old Czech: sto
    • Old Polish: sto
    • Slovak: sto
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: sto
      • Upper Sorbian: sto
  • Non-Slavic:
    • Aromanian: sutã (uncertain)
    • Romanian: sută (uncertain)

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “сто”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sъto”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 482: “num. (c) ‘hundred’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “sъto”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c hundred (NA 107; PR 138)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “stọ̑”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, “*sъ̏to”