From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. The vocalism is highly aberrant; the expected *ę from Proto-Balto-Slavic *im < IE *m̥ is found in *tysęti. The back vowel is sometimes connected with dialectal Lithuanian šum̃tas of dubious antiquity, leaving the lack of nasal unexplained still. Owing to these difficulties, an external source has been sought, perhaps Iranian; higher numerals like ‘hundred’ are frequently borrowed.
|← 10||← 90||100||200 →||1,000 →|
Accent paradigm c.
- East Slavic:
- South Slavic:
- West Slavic:
Further reading edit
- Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “сто”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
- ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sъto”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 482: “num. (c) ‘hundred’”
- ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “sъto”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c hundred (NA 107; PR 138)”
- ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “stọ̑”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, https://fran.si: “*sъ̏to”