From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. The vocalism is highly aberrant; the expected *ę from Proto-Balto-Slavic *im < IE *m̥ is found in *tysęti. The back vowel is sometimes connected with dialectal Lithuanian šum̃tas of dubious antiquity, leaving the lack of nasal unexplained still. Owing to these difficulties, an external source has been sought, perhaps Iranian; higher numerals like ‘hundred’ are frequently borrowed.
Accent paradigm c.
- Old East Slavic: [Term?]
- South Slavic:
- West Slavic:
- → Aromanian: sutã (uncertain)
- → Romanian: sută (uncertain)
- Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “сто”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
- ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*sъto”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 482: “num. (c) ‘hundred’”
- ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “sъto”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c hundred (NA 107; PR 138)”
- ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “stọ̑”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*sъ̏to”