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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. The vocalism is highly aberrant; the expected *ę from Proto-Balto-Slavic *im < IE *m̥ is found in *tysęti. The back vowel is sometimes connected with dialectal Lithuanian šum̃tas of dubious antiquity, leaving the lack of nasal unexplained still. Owing to these difficulties, an external source has been looked for, perhaps Iranian; higher numerals like ‘hundred’ are frequently borrowed.

NounEdit

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
1000
100
10
    Cardinal: *sъto

*sъto n

  1. hundred

InflectionEdit

Accent paradigm c.

DescendantsEdit

  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: sto
    • Kashubian: sto
    • Polish: sto
    • Slovak: sto
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: sto
      • Upper Sorbian: sto
  • Non-Slavic languages:
    • Aromanian: sutã (uncertain)
    • Romanian: sută (uncertain)

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “сто”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress