See also: stó, stò, što, -sto, -stö, 'sto, and stø

English edit

Noun edit

sto

  1. (slang) Pronunciation spelling of store.

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs
Czech cardinal numbers
 <  99 100 101  > 
    Cardinal : sto
    Ordinal : stý

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech sto, from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsto]
  • (file)

Noun edit

sto n

  1. hundred (100)

Declension edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • sto in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sto in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • sto in Internetová jazyková příručka

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Russian что (što).

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

sto

  1. (+ indicative) that

Synonyms edit

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 545
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[1], →ISBN, page 75

Italian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔ‿|| ˈstɔ/

Phrase edit

sto

  1. (colloquial) Ellipsis of sto bene (I'm fine).

Verb edit

sto

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stare

See also edit

References edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔ/
  • Syllabification: sto

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893), “sto”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego, page 203
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “sto”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi, volume 2, page 1026
  • sto”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Italic *staēō, from Proto-Indo-European *sth₂éh₁yeti, stative verb from *steh₂-.

Cognate with Sanskrit तिष्ठति (tíṣṭhati) (root स्था (sthā)), Persianایستا(istâ, standing; stopping), Old Norse standa, Ancient Greek ἵστημι (hístēmi), στάσις (stásis), Bulgarian стоя (stoja), Old English standan (whence English stand).

By its appearance through Latin sound laws, this stative verb, against all others of this class in the 2nd conjugation, belongs to the 1st conjugation. The perfect and supine stems are shared with sistō, the corresponding athematic verb from the same Indo-European root.

Verb edit

stō (present infinitive stāre, perfect active stetī, supine statum); first conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. to stand
    Synonym: astō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 2.56:
      “Troiaque, nunc stārēs, Priamīque arx alta, manērēs.”
      “And Troy, you would be standing now, and high citadel of Priam, you would remain!” – Aeneas
  2. to stay, remain
    Synonyms: cōnstō, sistō, cōnsistō, remaneō, maneō, haereō
  3. to cost, to be set at, stand at (e.g., a price)
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.885-886:
      stat mihi nōn parvō virtūs mea: volnera testor
      armaque, quae sparsī sanguine saepe meō.’
      “My bravery costs me no small [price]: I call to witness my scars
      and weapons, which I have often splattered with my own blood.”

      (Mezentius replies to a request to fight for Turnus.)
  4. (Medieval Latin) to be
    Synonyms: adsum, subsum, astō, exstō
    Antonym: desum
  5. (Medieval Latin) to be [located at]
  6. (Medieval Latin) to live
Conjugation edit

Passive forms exist only in the third-person singular.

   Conjugation of stō (first conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stō stās stat stāmus stātis stant
imperfect stābam stābās stābat stābāmus stābātis stābant
future stābō stābis stābit stābimus stābitis stābunt
perfect stetī stetistī stetit stetimus stetistis stetērunt,
stetēre
pluperfect steteram steterās steterat steterāmus steterātis steterant
future perfect steterō steteris steterit steterimus steteritis steterint
passive present stātur
imperfect stābātur
future stābitur
perfect statum est
pluperfect statum erat
future perfect statum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stem stēs stet stēmus stētis stent
imperfect stārem stārēs stāret stārēmus stārētis stārent
perfect steterim steterīs steterit steterīmus steterītis steterint
pluperfect stetissem stetissēs stetisset stetissēmus stetissētis stetissent
passive present stētur
imperfect stārētur
perfect statum sit
pluperfect statum esset,
statum foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stā stāte
future stātō stātō stātōte stantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives stāre stetisse statūrum esse stārī statum esse
participles stāns statūrus statum standum
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
standī standō standum standō statum statū
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

  • sto”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sto”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am firmly resolved: stat mihi sententia (Liv. 21. 30.)
    • to insist on a point: tenere aliquid; stare in aliqua re
    • to abide by one's undertaking: promisso stare
    • a thing costs much, little: aliquid magno, parvo stat, constat
    • the state is secure: res publica stat (opp. iacet)
    • to be on a person's side (not ab alicuius partibus): ab (cum) aliquo stare (Brut. 79. 273)
    • the issue of the day was for a long time uncertain: diu anceps stetit pugna
    • the victory cost much blood and many wounds, was very dearly bought: victoria multo sanguine ac vulneribus stetit (Liv. 23. 30)
    • to ride at anchor: in ancoris esse, stare, consistere
    • (ambiguous) my position is considerably improved; my prospects are brighter: meliorem in statum redigor
    • (ambiguous) to restore a man to his former position: aliquem in antiquum statum, in pristinum restituere
    • (ambiguous) a periodically recurring (annual) sacrifice: sacrificium statum (solemne) (Tusc. 1. 47. 113)
    • (ambiguous) to restore the ancient constitution: rem publicam in pristinum statum restituere
    • (ambiguous) to endanger the existence of the state: statum rei publicae convellere

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Italic *(s)ta(je)-tōd (must steal), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teh₂-, see also Hittite [script needed] (tāyezzi), [script needed] (tāyazzi, to steal), Old Irish táid (thief), Sanskrit तायु (tāyú, thief), Avestan𐬙𐬁𐬫𐬎(tāyu, thief), Ancient Greek τητάω (tētáō, to deprive), τηΰσιος (tēǘsios, deceptive, (in) vain) (Doric τᾱΰσιος (tāǘsios)).[1]

Failed to survive for its homonymy with the ordinary verb for “stand" (see Etymology 1 above).[2]

Verb edit

stō (singular future active imperative statōd); first conjugation

  1. (Old Latin) to steal
    • 7th–5th century BC, Duenos inscription:
      𐌃𐌖𐌄𐌍𐌏𐌔𐌌𐌄𐌃𐌅𐌄𐌂𐌄𐌃𐌄𐌍𐌌𐌀𐌍𐌏𐌌𐌄𐌉𐌍𐌏𐌌𐌃𐌖𐌄𐌍𐌏𐌉𐌍𐌄𐌌𐌄𐌃𐌌𐌀𐌋𐌏𐌔𐌕𐌀𐌕𐌏𐌃
      DVENOSMEDFECEDENMANOMEINOMDVENOINEMEDMALOSTATOD
      duenos mēd fēced en mānōm (m)einom duenōi nē mēd malo(s) statōd
      A good man made me (in good intention?) for a good man; may I not be stolen by an evil man.

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “(s)ta”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 584
  2. ^ H. Rix, "Das letzte Wort der Duenos-Inschrif", MSS, 46, 1985, pp. 193 ff.; H. Eichner, "Reklameniamben aus Roms Königszeit", Die Sprache, 34, 1988-90, p. 216.

Ligurian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin iste.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

sto (feminine singular sta, masculine plural sti, feminine plural ste)

  1. this
  2. (in the plural) these

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Lower Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred (100)

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Masurian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish sto.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈstɔ]
  • Syllabification: sto

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

sto

  1. simple past of stå

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse stóð. Related to stå.

Noun edit

sto f (definite singular stoa, indefinite plural stoer, definite plural stoene)

  1. A resting place for critters.

Noun edit

sto n (definite singular stoet, indefinite plural sto, definite plural stoa)

  1. A herd of mares and one or more stallions.

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

sto

  1. (non-standard since 2012) past of stå

References edit

  • “sto” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “sto”, in Norsk Ordbok: ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet, Oslo: Samlaget, 1950-2016

Anagrams edit

Old Czech edit

Old Czech numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90 [a], [b] ←  99 100 200  →  1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: sto
    Ordinal: stý

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred

Declension edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto. First attested in the 13th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /stɔ/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /stɔ/

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred

Noun edit

sto n

  1. type of payment

Descendants edit

References edit

Piedmontese edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

sto

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
Polish numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90  ←  99 100 200  →  1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: sto
    Ordinal: setny
    Adverbial: stokrotnie, stukrotnie, stokroć
    Multiplier: stokrotny, stukrotny
    Fractional: procent
    Numeral noun: setka
    Relational adjective: setkowy
    Prefix: stu-

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish sto. Doublet of cent.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred
  2. a lot

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adverb
interjection
particle
verbs

Related terms edit

numerals

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), sto is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 50 times in scientific texts, 164 times in news, 67 times in essays, 18 times in fiction, and 31 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 330 times, making it the 154th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “sto”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 2, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 561

Further reading edit

  • sto in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sto in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • sto”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • STO”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 02.04.2019
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “sto”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “sto”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1915), “sto”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 6, Warsaw, page 423

Serbo-Croatian edit

Serbo-Croatian numbers (edit)
 ←  10  ←  90 100 1,000  → [a], [b]
10
    Cardinal: sto
    Ordinal: stoti
    Adverbial: stoput
    Multiplier: stostruk
    Collective: stotoro
    Fractional: stotina

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

stȏ (Cyrillic spelling сто̑)

  1. hundred
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *stolъ.

Doublet of àstāl, from the same ultimate source only borrowed through Hungarian.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stȏ m (Cyrillic spelling сто̑)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) table
    Synonyms: àstāl, hàstāl
Declension edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish sto.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔ/
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: sto

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred

Further reading edit

  • sto in dykcjonorz.eu
  • sto in silling.org

Slovak edit

Slovak numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90  ←  99 100 200  →  1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: sto
    Ordinal: stý
    Collective: stotoro
    Qualitative: stotoraký

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred (100)

Usage notes edit

  • Usually not declined when used in conjunction with other numerals.

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • sto”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

Slovene cardinal numbers
 <  99 100 101  > 
    Cardinal : stó
    Ordinal : stôti
    Adverbial : stókrat

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

stọ̑

  1. hundred

Inflection edit

Declension of sto (numeral, irregular)
nom. plur. [Term?]
gen. plur. [Term?]
plural
nominative stó
accusative stó
genitive stôtih
dative stôtim
locative stôtih
instrumental stôtimi

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Swedish stōþ, from Old Norse stóð, from Proto-Germanic *stōdą. Compare Icelandic stóð.

Noun edit

sto n

  1. mare (female horse)

Declension edit

Declension of sto 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sto stoet ston stona
Genitive stos stoets stons stonas

Synonyms edit

Hypernyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Upper Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъto, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *śímta, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

sto

  1. hundred (100)

Further reading edit

  • sto” in Soblex