This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From earlier *tę̑gъkъ, *tęgъka̍, *tę̑gъko (definite *tęgъkъ̀jь), with medial *-ž- taken from the comparative form *tęžьjь, from Early-Proto-Slavic *tingukas. The earlier u-stem based form is indirectly attested in the causative *otęgъčiti (to burden). Continues Proto-Balto-Slavic *tingús (mobile accent), from Proto-Indo-European *tengʰ-, morphologically equal to *tę̑gъ +‎ *-ьkъ.

Directly cognate with Lithuanian tingùs (lazy) and Proto-Germanic *þunguz (whence Old Norse þungr (heavy)). Further akin to Proto-Iranian *θanǰáyati.

Adjective edit

*tęžьkъ (comparative *tęžьjь)[1][2]

  1. heavy (great weight)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “тяжелый”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • tingus”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) “Proto-Slavic/tęžьkъ”, in Hrvatski etimološki rječnik [Croatian Etymology Dictionary] (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, →ISBN, page 624
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (2003), “*obtęgъčiti”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 30 (*obsojьnikъ – *obvedьnъjь), Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 175

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*tęžьkъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 494:adj. o ‘heavy’
  2. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007) “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1], University of Vienna, page 8:*tę̑žьkъ