Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tęžьkъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *tę̑gъkъ, *tęgъka̍, *tę̑gъko (definite *tęgъkъ̀jь), with medial *-ž- taken from the comparative form *tęžьjь, from Pre-Slavic *tingukas. The earlier u-stem based form is indirectly attested in the causitive *otęgъčiti (to burden). Continues Proto-Balto-Slavic *tingús (mobile accent), from Proto-Indo-European *tengʰ-, morphologically equal to *tę̑gъ +‎ *-ьkъ.

Directly cognate with Lithuanian tingùs (lazy) and Proto-Germanic *þunguz (whence Old Norse þungr (heavy)). Further akin to Proto-Iranian *θanǰáyati.

AdjectiveEdit

*tęžьkъ (comparative *tęžьjь)[1][2]

  1. heavy (great weight)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*tęžьkъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 494: “adj. o ‘heavy’”
  2. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007), “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1], University of Vienna, page 8: “*tę̑žьkъ”