This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tengtei , from Proto-Indo-European *tengʰ-. Akin to Lithuanian tìngti (to become slow) (3sg. tìngsta), tingė́ti (to be lazy) (3sg. tìngi), Old Norse þyngja (burden), Old High German dīhsala (drawbar, shaft), Old Norse þīsl (drawbar, shaft), and possibly Latin tēmō (drawbar, shaft)(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) < *tenk-smō.

Attested mainly in telic sense, reflecting an ancient root aorist[1] in the past tense and thematic root "imperfective" in present. Parallel to Proto-Slavic *tęgati, Proto-Slavic *tęgnǫti which convey atelic nuances.


*tęťi pf (imperfective *tęgati)[2]

  1. to pull, to stretch


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Old Church Slavonic: растѧщи (rastęšti) (1p. растѧгѫ (rastęgǫ))
  • Bulgarian: тега́ (tegá) (obsolete, archaic)

Further readingEdit

  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “тя́га”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 278
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “тя́га”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*tʰengʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 657
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*tęgti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 493