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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *tokos, from Proto-Indo-European *tokʷos, from *tekʷ- (to run, flow). Equivalent to tekti (to flow, run) +‎ *-ъ.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian tãkas (footpath, path), Lithuanian taks (footpath, path)

Indo-European cognates include Avestan 𐬙𐬀𐬐𐬀(taka, course)


*tȍkъ m[1]

  1. current, course, stream



  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: токъ (tokŭ)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: tok
    • Polish: tok
    • Slovak: tok
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: [Term?]
      • Lower Sorbian: tok

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “ток”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “течь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 243
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1912), “токъ”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 973


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*tȏkъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 494