Open main menu
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-TurkicEdit

EtymologyEdit

The word er 'man' according to Egorov (Eg. 30) is one of the oldest Turkic words and it is registered in almost all Turkic languages.

NounEdit

*ēr

  1. man

DescendantsEdit

  • Oghur:
    • Chuvash: ӑр (ăr)
  • Old Turkic: [script needed] (er)
  • Middle Turkic: er
  • Karakhanid: [script needed] (er)
  • Arghu:
    • Khalaj: [script needed] (här)
  • Kypchak:
    • North Kypchak
    • Kipchak-Nogai
      • Kazakh: ер (er)
      • Nogai: эр (ér)
      • Karakalpak: er
    • West Kipchak:
      • Crimean Tatar: er
      • Karaim:
      • Karachay-Balkar: эр
      • Kumyk: эр
    • Kyrgyz-Kipchak
      • Kyrgyz: эр (er)
      • Southern Altai: эр (er)
  • Oghuz:
    • West Oghuz
      • Azerbaijani: ər
      • Turkish: er
    • East Oghuz
    • Salar
  • Karluk:
    • East Karluk
      • Chagatai: [script needed] (er)
      • Uyghur: ئەر(er)
      • Ili Turki: er
    • West Karluk
  • Siberian:
    • South Siberian
      • Western Yugur: jer
      • Yenissei Turkic
      • Sayan turkic
    • North Siberian

ReferencesEdit